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Most fished species at Mexico Beach Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Dog Snapper

The Dog Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. With an average length of 60 cm, the adult snapper can reach a maximum length of 74 cm. The maximum known weight for this snapper is 9.1 kg. Sexual maturity is achieved at lengths of 30 to 40 cm. The maximum lifespan recorded was about 29 years. It breeds in March. It is fished in March, April, July, August, November and December. This snapper has a relatively deep body, with long pectoral fins, an emarginated or slightly forked caudal fin, a rounded anal fin and a double dorsal fin. Dog snappers have an olive green top and back, sometimes with narrow, pale bars. The lower sides and belly are light red and coppery. There is a white triangular bar under the lower edge of the eyes. The pectoral, ventral, anal and distal fins of the dorsal and caudal fins are reddish, while the rest of the dorsal and caudal fins are olive green. The young have a horizontal blue line under the eye and through the operculum, which turns into a row of spots on adults.

Fishing period : March, April, July, August, November and December

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Vermilion Snapper

The Vermilion Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. This species can reach a length of 60 cm, although most are about 35 cm long. The highest recorded weight for this species is 3.2 kg. They can live 50 years. They spawn from April to September. It can be fished all year round. The vermilion snapper has a refined body, is pale white to silvery below and vermilion / reddish above. Fine golden-yellow streaks, some horizontal and others oblique, appear below the lateral line. The dorsal fin is pink with a yellow margin. The caudal fin is red, but has a slight black margin. The large canines are absent and the orientation of the mouth and eyes gives it the appearance of looking up.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Yellowtail snapper

The Yellowtail snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. it reaches a maximum length of 85 cm for an average length of 45 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 4.1 kg. He has a life expectancy of 17 years. It can reproduce all year round. It can be fished from mid-June to mid-July. The Yellowtail snapper has an oval body. A bright yellow median band runs from the upper lip to the caudal fin. It is very thin between the lip and the eye, thicker then to widen on the side of the caudal. It divides the sides into two distinct parts. The underside is silvery-white with narrow lines alternating reddish and yellow, sometimes not very visible. The upper part is blue to purple, covered with yellow spots regularly arranged. The dorsal and caudal fins are bright yellow. The caudal is very forked, the upper lobe being longer than the lower lobe. The pectoral, pelvic and anal fins are white. The pectoral muscles are long, ending at the anus level. The head, triangular and relatively small in size compared to the body, shows a slight advance of the lower lip compared to the upper. The mouth is large and has prominent canines.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Blacktip Shark

The Blacktip shark belongs to the Carcharhinidae family. If the maximum height is between 2.50 and 2.80 m, the average is more usually around 1.50 m, for a weight of 120 kg. The life expectancy of the blacktip shark is estimated at 12 years. Mating takes place from spring to early summer. It can be fished all year round. The blacktip shark has a relatively slender body with a long, conical snout. Its back and sides are ash grey; a light horizontal lateral stripe marks this area of the white belly quite slightly and a broad white line is often visible, belonging to the belly, coming from the caudal peduncle and stopping under the dorsal fin. The long nose is flattened dorso-ventrally and appears slightly rounded when viewed from below. The eyes are forward, relatively small. The mouth is wide. The nostrils are thin and you can't see the spiracles. The upper and lower teeth are quite similar, with a broad base and an almost straight point with finely crenellated edges. The pectoral fins are sickle-shaped. The first pointed dorsal fin with a pyramidal profile is inserted just behind the pectoral fins. The second dorsal fin is much smaller, facing the anal fin, of the same size. Just in front of the anal fin is a pair of small pelvic fins. Finally, the caudal fin is heterocercal with a fairly large upper lobe. All fins, except the anal, are bordered with a dark color on the trailing edge or apex, varying in intensity from one individual to another. The lower edge of the pectoral

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 1,40 m

Difficulty :

N°5 | The White Marlin

The White Marlin belongs to the Istiophoridae family. White marlin is smaller than many other sword fish. The maximum length for white marlin is 280 cm and the maximum weight is about 82 kg. It has a lifespan of about 18 years. They spawn in summer. The best time to catch white marlin is from June to August. This fish has a long, compressed, moderately fusiform body. The upper jaw forms a beak, with a round, long and thin cross-section compared to many other sword fish. Two dorsal fins and two anal fins are present. The first dorsal fin extends almost the entire length of the body, with a first lobe that shrinks abruptly towards the twelfth radius of the dorsal fin, then slowly. The maximum height of the large lobe is greater than the depth of the body. The second dorsal fin is inserted slightly behind the second anal fin. The first anal fin forms a strongly rounded lobe, while the second one approximately reflects the shape of the second dorsal fin above it. The pectoral fins are long and wide. The pelvic fins are inserted just below the origin of the pectoral fins. They are thin and equal to or slightly shorter than pectoral fins. The caudal peduncle contains a double keel. The body has a dense cover of bone scales. The lateral line is distinct and extends straight over the body, with only one curve on the origin of the dorsal fin. The body is dark blue above and silvery white below, with brown spots on the sides of the white part.

Fishing period : June to August

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Cero fish

The Cero Fish belongs to the Scombridae family. The maximum size known for the Cero fish is 83 cm and a maximum weight of 7.8 kg and its usual size is about 38 cm. It can live to be 11 years old. It reproduces from April to October in general. It is abundant from October to December. The cero fish has an elongated and streamlined body which is well suited for swimming at speeds of up to 48 km/ h. The body is covered with small scales; the lateral line being inclined towards the caudal peduncle. The caudal fin is lunar and the pelvic fins are relatively long. The scales extend over the pectoral fins. The spiny and soft dorsal fins are separated, with the soft dorsal fin corresponding to the anal fin just below. A series of pinnules follows each fin and three pins on each side of the caudal peduncle. The swim bladder is absent in the cero fish. The back is iridescent bluish green with silvery sides and belly. A semi-lateral bronze band extends from the pectoral fin to the base of the caudal fin. There are several rows of yellow-orange streaks with yellow spots forming lines above and below the sideband. The front third of the first dorsal fin is bluish black.

Fishing period : October to December

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Dolphinfish

The Dolphinfish belongs to the Coryphaenidae family. Its length can reach a maximum of 2 m, but the average length reaches 1 m. Its average weight is 14 kg but it can reach more than 30 kg. It has a maximum lifetime of 4 years. It can reproduce all year round. The best time to catch it is from April to June. There are two species of dolphins. It is easy to distinguish the two species. They both have the same elongated and spindle-shaped shape. The single dorsal fin extends over the entire length of the body. The anal fin begins approximately in the middle of the body and ends at the same point as the dorsal fin. Pelvic fins are located under the pectoral fins and can be compressed into a shallow groove in the body. The caudal fin is strongly forked. The head is dull and the mouth contains many small teeth, as well as a small oval dental patch on the tongue. Cycloid scales cover the body. Mature males exhibit dimorphic sexual growth and develop a prominent bone crest at the front of the head. The color of the dolphinfish is quite dramatic with golden shades on the sides, irregular spots of metallic blue and green on the back and sides, and whites and yellows on the underside. This fish is very colorful underwater, captures light and reflects a wide range of bright colors.

Fishing period : April to June

Minimum size : 50 cm with a limit of 10 individuals per person

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Little Tunny

The Little Tunny belongs to the Scombridae family. The average size of little tunny can reach 81 cm in length and weigh up to 9.1 kg. The maximum size recorded is 122 cm and 16 kg. Little tunny can live up to 10 years. It spawns from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The little tunny has a robust torpedo-shaped body designed for powerful swimming. The mouth is large, slightly bent and terminal with rigid jaws. The lower jaw slightly protrudes from the upper jaw. There are two longitudinal ridges on the tongue. The body lacks scales, with the exception of the corselet and the lateral line. The corselet is a band of large and thick scales forming a circle around the body behind the head, extending backwards along the lateral line. The lateral line is slightly wavy with a slight arch below the dorsal fin, then straight towards the caudal keel. The caudal fin is deeply lunar, with a thin caudal pendulum including a short keel on each side. The first dorsal fin has high anterior spines that give it a concave contour, which is only very closely separated from the second dorsal fin. The pectoral fins are pointed and short and do not extend to the end of the first dorsal fin; the pelvic fins are inserted just behind the origin of the pectoral fins. The swim bladder is absent. This fish is steel blue with 3 to 5 broken dark wavy lines, not extending below the lateral line. The belly is white and lacks stripes. There are 3 to 7 black spots between the pelvic and pect

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Snook fish

The Snook fish belongs to the Centropomidae family. Snook can measure between 0.14 and 140 cm long (average 50 cm) and weigh up to 23.3 kg. It can live up to 20 years. They spawn in June and July and from August to October. The fishing season is open in March and April and again from September to November. The snook fish has a slim body and a distinct lateral line. It has a high divided dorsal fins. The anal spines are relatively short. The snook fish has an inclined forehead with a large mouth and a protruding lower jaw. The adult snook fish can reach more than 120 cm in total length, which is larger than any other species in this family. The color of the common snake is golden yellow with a distinct black lateral line and pale yellow pelvic fins.

Fishing period : March and April and again from September to Novemb

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Gag Fish

The Gag fish belongs to the Serranidae family. The gag fish can reach a maximum total length of 1.45 m and a maximum weight of 36.5 kg. This species has a life span of 16 years. They breed from January to May. They can be fished from June to December. The gag fish is typical of groupers with an elongated oblong body. The head is long while the mouth is large with a protruding lower jaw. The bases of the dorsal and anal fins are covered with thick skin and scales. The caudal fin is wide and has a slightly concave margin. The body color of the gag fish depends on the sex and age of the fish. Juveniles and mature females are pale grey to greyish brown with dark spots and worm-shaped marks giving a marbled appearance. The caudal, anal and pelvic fins have dark blue outer margins. Large mature males are pale to medium grey in color, with barely visible cross-links below the dorsal fin. The ventral surface is dark grey to black. The soft dorsal fin, caudal fin, pectoral and pelvic fins also range from dark grey to black, while the margins of the anal and caudal fins are white.

Fishing period : June to December

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Dog Snapper

The Dog Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. With an average length of 60 cm, the adult snapper can reach a maximum length of 74 cm. The maximum known weight for this snapper is 9.1 kg. Sexual maturity is achieved at lengths of 30 to 40 cm. The maximum lifespan recorded was about 29 years. It breeds in March. It is fished in March, April, July, August, November and December. This snapper has a relatively deep body, with long pectoral fins, an emarginated or slightly forked caudal fin, a rounded anal fin and a double dorsal fin. Dog snappers have an olive green top and back, sometimes with narrow, pale bars. The lower sides and belly are light red and coppery. There is a white triangular bar under the lower edge of the eyes. The pectoral, ventral, anal and distal fins of the dorsal and caudal fins are reddish, while the rest of the dorsal and caudal fins are olive green. The young have a horizontal blue line under the eye and through the operculum, which turns into a row of spots on adults.

Fishing period : March, April, July, August, November and December

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Vermilion Snapper

The Vermilion Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. This species can reach a length of 60 cm, although most are about 35 cm long. The highest recorded weight for this species is 3.2 kg. They can live 50 years. They spawn from April to September. It can be fished all year round. The vermilion snapper has a refined body, is pale white to silvery below and vermilion / reddish above. Fine golden-yellow streaks, some horizontal and others oblique, appear below the lateral line. The dorsal fin is pink with a yellow margin. The caudal fin is red, but has a slight black margin. The large canines are absent and the orientation of the mouth and eyes gives it the appearance of looking up.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Yellowtail snapper

The Yellowtail snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. it reaches a maximum length of 85 cm for an average length of 45 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 4.1 kg. He has a life expectancy of 17 years. It can reproduce all year round. It can be fished from mid-June to mid-July. The Yellowtail snapper has an oval body. A bright yellow median band runs from the upper lip to the caudal fin. It is very thin between the lip and the eye, thicker then to widen on the side of the caudal. It divides the sides into two distinct parts. The underside is silvery-white with narrow lines alternating reddish and yellow, sometimes not very visible. The upper part is blue to purple, covered with yellow spots regularly arranged. The dorsal and caudal fins are bright yellow. The caudal is very forked, the upper lobe being longer than the lower lobe. The pectoral, pelvic and anal fins are white. The pectoral muscles are long, ending at the anus level. The head, triangular and relatively small in size compared to the body, shows a slight advance of the lower lip compared to the upper. The mouth is large and has prominent canines.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Blacktip Shark

The Blacktip shark belongs to the Carcharhinidae family. If the maximum height is between 2.50 and 2.80 m, the average is more usually around 1.50 m, for a weight of 120 kg. The life expectancy of the blacktip shark is estimated at 12 years. Mating takes place from spring to early summer. It can be fished all year round. The blacktip shark has a relatively slender body with a long, conical snout. Its back and sides are ash grey; a light horizontal lateral stripe marks this area of the white belly quite slightly and a broad white line is often visible, belonging to the belly, coming from the caudal peduncle and stopping under the dorsal fin. The long nose is flattened dorso-ventrally and appears slightly rounded when viewed from below. The eyes are forward, relatively small. The mouth is wide. The nostrils are thin and you can't see the spiracles. The upper and lower teeth are quite similar, with a broad base and an almost straight point with finely crenellated edges. The pectoral fins are sickle-shaped. The first pointed dorsal fin with a pyramidal profile is inserted just behind the pectoral fins. The second dorsal fin is much smaller, facing the anal fin, of the same size. Just in front of the anal fin is a pair of small pelvic fins. Finally, the caudal fin is heterocercal with a fairly large upper lobe. All fins, except the anal, are bordered with a dark color on the trailing edge or apex, varying in intensity from one individual to another. The lower edge of the pectoral

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 1,40 m

Difficulty :

N°5 | The White Marlin

The White Marlin belongs to the Istiophoridae family. White marlin is smaller than many other sword fish. The maximum length for white marlin is 280 cm and the maximum weight is about 82 kg. It has a lifespan of about 18 years. They spawn in summer. The best time to catch white marlin is from June to August. This fish has a long, compressed, moderately fusiform body. The upper jaw forms a beak, with a round, long and thin cross-section compared to many other sword fish. Two dorsal fins and two anal fins are present. The first dorsal fin extends almost the entire length of the body, with a first lobe that shrinks abruptly towards the twelfth radius of the dorsal fin, then slowly. The maximum height of the large lobe is greater than the depth of the body. The second dorsal fin is inserted slightly behind the second anal fin. The first anal fin forms a strongly rounded lobe, while the second one approximately reflects the shape of the second dorsal fin above it. The pectoral fins are long and wide. The pelvic fins are inserted just below the origin of the pectoral fins. They are thin and equal to or slightly shorter than pectoral fins. The caudal peduncle contains a double keel. The body has a dense cover of bone scales. The lateral line is distinct and extends straight over the body, with only one curve on the origin of the dorsal fin. The body is dark blue above and silvery white below, with brown spots on the sides of the white part.

Fishing period : June to August

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Cero fish

The Cero Fish belongs to the Scombridae family. The maximum size known for the Cero fish is 83 cm and a maximum weight of 7.8 kg and its usual size is about 38 cm. It can live to be 11 years old. It reproduces from April to October in general. It is abundant from October to December. The cero fish has an elongated and streamlined body which is well suited for swimming at speeds of up to 48 km/ h. The body is covered with small scales; the lateral line being inclined towards the caudal peduncle. The caudal fin is lunar and the pelvic fins are relatively long. The scales extend over the pectoral fins. The spiny and soft dorsal fins are separated, with the soft dorsal fin corresponding to the anal fin just below. A series of pinnules follows each fin and three pins on each side of the caudal peduncle. The swim bladder is absent in the cero fish. The back is iridescent bluish green with silvery sides and belly. A semi-lateral bronze band extends from the pectoral fin to the base of the caudal fin. There are several rows of yellow-orange streaks with yellow spots forming lines above and below the sideband. The front third of the first dorsal fin is bluish black.

Fishing period : October to December

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Dolphinfish

The Dolphinfish belongs to the Coryphaenidae family. Its length can reach a maximum of 2 m, but the average length reaches 1 m. Its average weight is 14 kg but it can reach more than 30 kg. It has a maximum lifetime of 4 years. It can reproduce all year round. The best time to catch it is from April to June. There are two species of dolphins. It is easy to distinguish the two species. They both have the same elongated and spindle-shaped shape. The single dorsal fin extends over the entire length of the body. The anal fin begins approximately in the middle of the body and ends at the same point as the dorsal fin. Pelvic fins are located under the pectoral fins and can be compressed into a shallow groove in the body. The caudal fin is strongly forked. The head is dull and the mouth contains many small teeth, as well as a small oval dental patch on the tongue. Cycloid scales cover the body. Mature males exhibit dimorphic sexual growth and develop a prominent bone crest at the front of the head. The color of the dolphinfish is quite dramatic with golden shades on the sides, irregular spots of metallic blue and green on the back and sides, and whites and yellows on the underside. This fish is very colorful underwater, captures light and reflects a wide range of bright colors.

Fishing period : April to June

Minimum size : 50 cm with a limit of 10 individuals per person

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Little Tunny

The Little Tunny belongs to the Scombridae family. The average size of little tunny can reach 81 cm in length and weigh up to 9.1 kg. The maximum size recorded is 122 cm and 16 kg. Little tunny can live up to 10 years. It spawns from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The little tunny has a robust torpedo-shaped body designed for powerful swimming. The mouth is large, slightly bent and terminal with rigid jaws. The lower jaw slightly protrudes from the upper jaw. There are two longitudinal ridges on the tongue. The body lacks scales, with the exception of the corselet and the lateral line. The corselet is a band of large and thick scales forming a circle around the body behind the head, extending backwards along the lateral line. The lateral line is slightly wavy with a slight arch below the dorsal fin, then straight towards the caudal keel. The caudal fin is deeply lunar, with a thin caudal pendulum including a short keel on each side. The first dorsal fin has high anterior spines that give it a concave contour, which is only very closely separated from the second dorsal fin. The pectoral fins are pointed and short and do not extend to the end of the first dorsal fin; the pelvic fins are inserted just behind the origin of the pectoral fins. The swim bladder is absent. This fish is steel blue with 3 to 5 broken dark wavy lines, not extending below the lateral line. The belly is white and lacks stripes. There are 3 to 7 black spots between the pelvic and pect

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Snook fish

The Snook fish belongs to the Centropomidae family. Snook can measure between 0.14 and 140 cm long (average 50 cm) and weigh up to 23.3 kg. It can live up to 20 years. They spawn in June and July and from August to October. The fishing season is open in March and April and again from September to November. The snook fish has a slim body and a distinct lateral line. It has a high divided dorsal fins. The anal spines are relatively short. The snook fish has an inclined forehead with a large mouth and a protruding lower jaw. The adult snook fish can reach more than 120 cm in total length, which is larger than any other species in this family. The color of the common snake is golden yellow with a distinct black lateral line and pale yellow pelvic fins.

Fishing period : March and April and again from September to Novemb

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Gag Fish

The Gag fish belongs to the Serranidae family. The gag fish can reach a maximum total length of 1.45 m and a maximum weight of 36.5 kg. This species has a life span of 16 years. They breed from January to May. They can be fished from June to December. The gag fish is typical of groupers with an elongated oblong body. The head is long while the mouth is large with a protruding lower jaw. The bases of the dorsal and anal fins are covered with thick skin and scales. The caudal fin is wide and has a slightly concave margin. The body color of the gag fish depends on the sex and age of the fish. Juveniles and mature females are pale grey to greyish brown with dark spots and worm-shaped marks giving a marbled appearance. The caudal, anal and pelvic fins have dark blue outer margins. Large mature males are pale to medium grey in color, with barely visible cross-links below the dorsal fin. The ventral surface is dark grey to black. The soft dorsal fin, caudal fin, pectoral and pelvic fins also range from dark grey to black, while the margins of the anal and caudal fins are white.

Fishing period : June to December

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

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