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Most fished species at Cape Canaveral Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Gulf Kingfish

The Gulf Kingfish belongs to the Scianidae family. The adult size can reach 60 cm for 1,36 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds from September to March. It can be fished all year. Also known as a kingcroaker, the Gulf Kingfish is the biggest of the three whiting. The body is silvery in color and does not contain vertical spots or stripes like the other two species. However, it has a very visible black spot on the top of the tail.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Crevalle Jack

The Crevalle Jack belongs to the Carangidae family. The maximum height is about 115 cm long for a weight of 12 kg, but most adult individuals are about 70 cm long for a weight of about 3 kg. It can live up to 17 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The body is elongated and fairly flattened and, like all carangidae, the pectoral fins are shaped like a sickle. Two thorns exist in front of the anal fins. The small scales are silvered laterally, but the dorsal part is blue-green mixed with golden reflections. The anal fin is bright yellow. It has a very specific black spot on the edge of the lid.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : Depends on the location

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Swordfish

The Swordfish belongs to the Xiphiidae family. Swordfish reach a maximum size of 455 cm in total length and a maximum weight of 650 kg, although individuals caught generally measure 120 to 190 cm in length for 140 kg. Swordfish have a minimum lifespan of 9 years. They can spawn all year round. They can be caught all year round. Swordfish, are the only member of the Xiphiidae family and can be distinguished from other billfishes (family Billfish) by the shape of its extended "beak", which is in the form of a flattened oval cross-section. The bill is long compared to other sword fishes and adults lack teeth in the jaws. While the young have scales, they are lost when the fish reaches a length of about 1 m. Adults lack scales and teeth. The body is generally cylindrical. Two dorsal fins are present, although the second is quite small, separate from the first and very far back on the body. The first dorsal fin is high and rigid. Similarly, there are two anal fins, although the second is much smaller than the first. Pelvic fins are absent. The caudal fin is lunar, while the caudal peduncle has a pronounced keel on each side. The lateral line is also present in specimens up to 1 m long, but it is also missing in adulthood. Before adulthood, the morphology of swordfish changes considerably, as described below. The colour is blackish brown above, then moving to a lighter shade. The fins are brown or dark brown.

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : 120 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Tripletail fish

The Tripletail fish belongs to the Lobotidae family. The tripletail is 89 cm long and weighs 18.6 kg. However, the average weight is between 1 and 7 kg. The Tripletail have a lifespan of about 10 years. They spawn in summer. It can be fished all year round. The tripletail has small scales that extend over the dorsal, caudal and anal fins and a head profile that becomes more concave with age. The tripletail has a compressed and deep body, with a triangular head. The eyes are relatively small and the mouth is large. The bases of the dorsal and anal fins are flaked and the pectoral fins are shorter than the pelvic fins. The tripletail has soft, large and rounded dorsal, caudal and anal fins. This characteristic has given rise to the common name. Juveniles are marbled yellow, brown and black. Lying on the side at the surface of the water, a young tripletail looks like a floating mangrove leaf. Juveniles have white pectoral fins and a white border on the caudal fin. The adult tripletails have a variety of marbled patterns, ranging from dark brown to reddish brown or brown with a shade of grey.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Red Porgy

The Red Porgy belongs to the Sparidae family. The Red porgy can reach a maximum of 80 cm. The size of the individuals visible in diving is rather 15 to 40 cm. it has a lifespan of 18 years. They breed from April to June. It can be fished from September to December. Like most Sparidaes, the red porgy has a high body with compressed sides. It is a silvery fish with pink reflections, more or less dark, on the back. The sides are sometimes decorated with blue dots. In juveniles, the back may be marked with thick red transverse bands at night. There is also a dark area between the eyes, as well as vertically under the eye. Fins have thorny rays. The dorsal fin, very long, can be folded into a furrow; the pectoral fins have a dark spot at their base; the pelvic fins are straight against the pectoral fins; the anal fin has 7 to 9 rays and 3 spines. The caudal fin, dark pink in color, is indented with tips lined with bluish white. All fins can have more or less blue reflections. The head has an inclined and convex profile, with a curved forehead at eye level. The muzzle is short and rounded. The jaws, equipped with large caniniform teeth (4 at the top and 6 at the bottom), followed by smaller teeth, are very powerful. The scales are ctenoid.

Fishing period : September to December

Minimum size : 18 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Blackfin Snapper

The Blackfin Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. Its average size is 40 cm but some individuals can reach 75 cm. The biggest blackfin snapper recorded weighted 14 kg. It has an average lifespan of 10 years old. It spawns most of the year with a peak of activity from April to September. It can be fished all year round. This snapper is similar to other members of the Lutjanidae family, as it has the same deep body and double dorsal fin. Its caudal fin is rather truncated and its pectoral fin is long. The anal fin is rounded. This snapper is often confused with the northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus), but the black comma-shaped mark at the base of the pectoral fins is a distinctive feature of the black fin snapper. In addition, the blackfin snapper has a rounded anal fin that contrasts with the pointed anal fin of the red snapper. The black-finned snapper is usually red, silvery red below, with yellowish caudal, anal and pelvic fins. There is a distinct dark comma-shaped mark at the base of the pectoral fins, giving this fish its common name. Juveniles resemble adults, but have a large bright yellow area on the upper part of the caudal pendulum. The canines of the upper jaw are larger than those of the lower jaw.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 31 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Gray Snapper

The Gray Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. The gray snapper is one of the smallest snappers. It rarely exceeds 45 cm and almost always weighs less than 4 kg. The maximum size is 60 cm for 27 kg. It has a lifespan of 27 years. It breeds from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The gray snapper has a relatively slim body, a large mouth and a pointed snout. The anal fin is rounded and the pectoral fins short, without reaching the anal fin. Although the background color of this species may vary, particularly in juveniles, the body and fins of the gray snapper are generally grey to green with a reddish tinge. On the sides of the fish, there are rows of small reddish to orange spots. The median fins are darker than the even fins, often bordered with yellow or white, and the pectoral fins are colorless. The rear edge of the anal fin is rounded. There is no black spot on the side of the body. Young gray snappers have a clearly visible dark band from the snout through the eye and a less visible blue band on the cheek under the eye. They may also sometimes show a lateral pattern of thin pale bars on the body. The fins of juveniles are reddish orange with dark edges.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 31 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Warsaw Grouper

The Warsaw Grouper belongs to the Serranidae family. It can reach a maximum length of 226 cm for 263 kg. It can live for more than 30 years. They lay eggs from August to September. It can be fished all year round. However, fishing is prohibited all year round in federal waters. The Warsaw grouper is the only member of the genus Epinephelous that has 10 dorsal spines, the second of which is much longer than the third. The color is a greyish brown to dark reddish brown background with many small irregular white spots on the sides. The color appears much lighter around the neck and along the posterior edge of the lid. All fins are dark brown, except for the white spiny part of the dorsal fin. The young are characterized by a yellow caudal fin; dark stool on the caudal peduncle; and some whitish spots on the body.

Fishing period : prohibited all year in federal waters and authoriz

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Cobia fish

The Cobia fish belongs to the Rachycentridae family. it can be 1.8 m long and weigh 70 kg or more. it can live 12 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be fished all year round. The body is elongated and torpedo-shaped with a long flattened head. The eyes are small and the snout is wide. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw. The skin is smooth with very small integrated scales. Easily distinguished by the first dorsal fin, composed of 7 to 9 strong and isolated spines, not connected by a membrane. The second dorsal fin is long with the front part elevated. The caudal fin is rounded to truncated in young fish and lunar in adults, with the upper lobe extending below the lower lobe. The origin of the anal fin is below the second dorsal vertex and the pectoral fin is pointed. Cobia doesn’t have an air bladder. The body is dark brown to silvery, paler on the sides and greyish white to silvery underneath, with two narrow dark bands extending from the snout to the base of the caudal fin. These dark bands are bordered at the top and bottom by lighter bands. Young cobia has dark side bands, which tend to become obscured in adult fish. Most fins are dark brown, with grey markings on the anal and pelvic fins.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 83 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Red Grouper

The Red Grouper belongs to the Serranidae family. The Red grouper reaches a maximum total length of 125 cm and a maximum declared weight of 23.0 kg. Red Groupers are thought to have a lifespan of about 25-30 years. They breed from January to April. It is abundant at the end of summer. The red grouper is a robust, medium-sized fish. It has large eyes and differs in size, the anterior pair being slightly smaller than the posterior pair. Pelvic fins are shorter than pectoral fins. The pelvic fins are inserted behind the pectoral fins on the body. The red grouper has scales and thick skin at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The caudal fin is truncated and the caudal peduncle has no saddle. The head and body of the red grouper are dark reddish brown in color, then fading to pink or reddish on the sides and ventral side. Light-colored spots may be observed scattered over the body and small black spots may be present around the eyes. The anal, dorsal and caudal fins have dark margins. When the fish is resting, the coloring becomes more split, resembling the Nassau grouper.

Fishing period : late summer

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Gulf Kingfish

The Gulf Kingfish belongs to the Scianidae family. The adult size can reach 60 cm for 1,36 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds from September to March. It can be fished all year. Also known as a kingcroaker, the Gulf Kingfish is the biggest of the three whiting. The body is silvery in color and does not contain vertical spots or stripes like the other two species. However, it has a very visible black spot on the top of the tail.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Crevalle Jack

The Crevalle Jack belongs to the Carangidae family. The maximum height is about 115 cm long for a weight of 12 kg, but most adult individuals are about 70 cm long for a weight of about 3 kg. It can live up to 17 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The body is elongated and fairly flattened and, like all carangidae, the pectoral fins are shaped like a sickle. Two thorns exist in front of the anal fins. The small scales are silvered laterally, but the dorsal part is blue-green mixed with golden reflections. The anal fin is bright yellow. It has a very specific black spot on the edge of the lid.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : Depends on the location

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Swordfish

The Swordfish belongs to the Xiphiidae family. Swordfish reach a maximum size of 455 cm in total length and a maximum weight of 650 kg, although individuals caught generally measure 120 to 190 cm in length for 140 kg. Swordfish have a minimum lifespan of 9 years. They can spawn all year round. They can be caught all year round. Swordfish, are the only member of the Xiphiidae family and can be distinguished from other billfishes (family Billfish) by the shape of its extended "beak", which is in the form of a flattened oval cross-section. The bill is long compared to other sword fishes and adults lack teeth in the jaws. While the young have scales, they are lost when the fish reaches a length of about 1 m. Adults lack scales and teeth. The body is generally cylindrical. Two dorsal fins are present, although the second is quite small, separate from the first and very far back on the body. The first dorsal fin is high and rigid. Similarly, there are two anal fins, although the second is much smaller than the first. Pelvic fins are absent. The caudal fin is lunar, while the caudal peduncle has a pronounced keel on each side. The lateral line is also present in specimens up to 1 m long, but it is also missing in adulthood. Before adulthood, the morphology of swordfish changes considerably, as described below. The colour is blackish brown above, then moving to a lighter shade. The fins are brown or dark brown.

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : 120 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Tripletail fish

The Tripletail fish belongs to the Lobotidae family. The tripletail is 89 cm long and weighs 18.6 kg. However, the average weight is between 1 and 7 kg. The Tripletail have a lifespan of about 10 years. They spawn in summer. It can be fished all year round. The tripletail has small scales that extend over the dorsal, caudal and anal fins and a head profile that becomes more concave with age. The tripletail has a compressed and deep body, with a triangular head. The eyes are relatively small and the mouth is large. The bases of the dorsal and anal fins are flaked and the pectoral fins are shorter than the pelvic fins. The tripletail has soft, large and rounded dorsal, caudal and anal fins. This characteristic has given rise to the common name. Juveniles are marbled yellow, brown and black. Lying on the side at the surface of the water, a young tripletail looks like a floating mangrove leaf. Juveniles have white pectoral fins and a white border on the caudal fin. The adult tripletails have a variety of marbled patterns, ranging from dark brown to reddish brown or brown with a shade of grey.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Red Porgy

The Red Porgy belongs to the Sparidae family. The Red porgy can reach a maximum of 80 cm. The size of the individuals visible in diving is rather 15 to 40 cm. it has a lifespan of 18 years. They breed from April to June. It can be fished from September to December. Like most Sparidaes, the red porgy has a high body with compressed sides. It is a silvery fish with pink reflections, more or less dark, on the back. The sides are sometimes decorated with blue dots. In juveniles, the back may be marked with thick red transverse bands at night. There is also a dark area between the eyes, as well as vertically under the eye. Fins have thorny rays. The dorsal fin, very long, can be folded into a furrow; the pectoral fins have a dark spot at their base; the pelvic fins are straight against the pectoral fins; the anal fin has 7 to 9 rays and 3 spines. The caudal fin, dark pink in color, is indented with tips lined with bluish white. All fins can have more or less blue reflections. The head has an inclined and convex profile, with a curved forehead at eye level. The muzzle is short and rounded. The jaws, equipped with large caniniform teeth (4 at the top and 6 at the bottom), followed by smaller teeth, are very powerful. The scales are ctenoid.

Fishing period : September to December

Minimum size : 18 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Blackfin Snapper

The Blackfin Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. Its average size is 40 cm but some individuals can reach 75 cm. The biggest blackfin snapper recorded weighted 14 kg. It has an average lifespan of 10 years old. It spawns most of the year with a peak of activity from April to September. It can be fished all year round. This snapper is similar to other members of the Lutjanidae family, as it has the same deep body and double dorsal fin. Its caudal fin is rather truncated and its pectoral fin is long. The anal fin is rounded. This snapper is often confused with the northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus), but the black comma-shaped mark at the base of the pectoral fins is a distinctive feature of the black fin snapper. In addition, the blackfin snapper has a rounded anal fin that contrasts with the pointed anal fin of the red snapper. The black-finned snapper is usually red, silvery red below, with yellowish caudal, anal and pelvic fins. There is a distinct dark comma-shaped mark at the base of the pectoral fins, giving this fish its common name. Juveniles resemble adults, but have a large bright yellow area on the upper part of the caudal pendulum. The canines of the upper jaw are larger than those of the lower jaw.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 31 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Gray Snapper

The Gray Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. The gray snapper is one of the smallest snappers. It rarely exceeds 45 cm and almost always weighs less than 4 kg. The maximum size is 60 cm for 27 kg. It has a lifespan of 27 years. It breeds from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The gray snapper has a relatively slim body, a large mouth and a pointed snout. The anal fin is rounded and the pectoral fins short, without reaching the anal fin. Although the background color of this species may vary, particularly in juveniles, the body and fins of the gray snapper are generally grey to green with a reddish tinge. On the sides of the fish, there are rows of small reddish to orange spots. The median fins are darker than the even fins, often bordered with yellow or white, and the pectoral fins are colorless. The rear edge of the anal fin is rounded. There is no black spot on the side of the body. Young gray snappers have a clearly visible dark band from the snout through the eye and a less visible blue band on the cheek under the eye. They may also sometimes show a lateral pattern of thin pale bars on the body. The fins of juveniles are reddish orange with dark edges.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 31 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Warsaw Grouper

The Warsaw Grouper belongs to the Serranidae family. It can reach a maximum length of 226 cm for 263 kg. It can live for more than 30 years. They lay eggs from August to September. It can be fished all year round. However, fishing is prohibited all year round in federal waters. The Warsaw grouper is the only member of the genus Epinephelous that has 10 dorsal spines, the second of which is much longer than the third. The color is a greyish brown to dark reddish brown background with many small irregular white spots on the sides. The color appears much lighter around the neck and along the posterior edge of the lid. All fins are dark brown, except for the white spiny part of the dorsal fin. The young are characterized by a yellow caudal fin; dark stool on the caudal peduncle; and some whitish spots on the body.

Fishing period : prohibited all year in federal waters and authoriz

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Cobia fish

The Cobia fish belongs to the Rachycentridae family. it can be 1.8 m long and weigh 70 kg or more. it can live 12 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be fished all year round. The body is elongated and torpedo-shaped with a long flattened head. The eyes are small and the snout is wide. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw. The skin is smooth with very small integrated scales. Easily distinguished by the first dorsal fin, composed of 7 to 9 strong and isolated spines, not connected by a membrane. The second dorsal fin is long with the front part elevated. The caudal fin is rounded to truncated in young fish and lunar in adults, with the upper lobe extending below the lower lobe. The origin of the anal fin is below the second dorsal vertex and the pectoral fin is pointed. Cobia doesn’t have an air bladder. The body is dark brown to silvery, paler on the sides and greyish white to silvery underneath, with two narrow dark bands extending from the snout to the base of the caudal fin. These dark bands are bordered at the top and bottom by lighter bands. Young cobia has dark side bands, which tend to become obscured in adult fish. Most fins are dark brown, with grey markings on the anal and pelvic fins.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 83 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Red Grouper

The Red Grouper belongs to the Serranidae family. The Red grouper reaches a maximum total length of 125 cm and a maximum declared weight of 23.0 kg. Red Groupers are thought to have a lifespan of about 25-30 years. They breed from January to April. It is abundant at the end of summer. The red grouper is a robust, medium-sized fish. It has large eyes and differs in size, the anterior pair being slightly smaller than the posterior pair. Pelvic fins are shorter than pectoral fins. The pelvic fins are inserted behind the pectoral fins on the body. The red grouper has scales and thick skin at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The caudal fin is truncated and the caudal peduncle has no saddle. The head and body of the red grouper are dark reddish brown in color, then fading to pink or reddish on the sides and ventral side. Light-colored spots may be observed scattered over the body and small black spots may be present around the eyes. The anal, dorsal and caudal fins have dark margins. When the fish is resting, the coloring becomes more split, resembling the Nassau grouper.

Fishing period : late summer

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

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