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Most fished species at Chiefland Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Largemouth Bass

The Largemouth Bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. It has an average size of 45 cm but may reach 60 cm. The maximum recorded weight was 10,09 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds between February and July. It can be fished all year round. Largemouth bass has a large mouth with a slightly oblique mouth. Its body is thin to robust, slightly flattened laterally and of oval cross-section. The corner of the mouth extends beyond the eye. The back and head are dark green to light green in color with lighter sides and a whitish belly and underside. A large lateral band can be seen from the snout through the eyes to the base of the tail. Towards the tail, there is a series of spots of different sizes. These spots become a solid and uniform band on the caudal peduncle. The eye is golden brown. Vertical fins slightly pigmented, generally clear paired fins; caudal fin in young and adult. Adults in muddy lakes are dark olive brown to black, with marks that are difficult to distinguish. Males in breeding condition tend to be darker in color.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 35 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Humpback Chub

The Humpback Chub belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size recorded was 38 cm. It has a lifespan of 30 years. It spawns from April to June. It is a protected species, so the angling is prohibited. The body is almost entirely without a scale, retaining only 80 mid-lateral scales along the lateral line. The scales are deeply embedded on the surface of the fish, especially on the hump. The fish has a very streamlined body, with a thin caudal peduncle and a deeply forked tail. The fins are large and curved, and the origin of the ridge is approximately equal distance from the snout and base of the caudal fin. The mouth is lower and overhung by the muzzle. The pharyngeal arch is small, with a small lower branch. The back is pale olive grey, the sides silvery and the belly white. The dorsal fin generally has nine rays and the anal fin has 10 or more.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Colorado pikeminnow

The Colorado Pikeminnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The average length of the Colorado pikeminnow is 52.5 cm. The longest Colorado pikeminnow reported is 180 cm. The maximum age recorded for Colorado pikeminnow is 12 years. They spawn from late spring to mid-summer. Fishing is extremely restricted and prohibited because the Colorado Pikeminnow is an endangered species. Like the other three species of pikeminnows, its extended body resembles that of pike. The cone-shaped, slightly flattened head is elongated and forms nearly a quarter of the length of the body. Color levels range from bright olive green on the back to a lighter yellowish shade on the sides, through white. Young fish have a dark mark on the caudal fin. The dorsal and anal fins generally have 9 rays. Pharyngeal teeth are long and hooked.

Fishing period : prohibited

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Spotted Seatrout

The Spotted Seatrout belongs to the Scianidae family. Spotted sea trout reach a maximum length of 100 cm and a maximum weight of 7.9 kg. The lifespan of this species is 8 to 10 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The spotted seatrout has an elongated, somewhat compressed body with a slightly elevated back. The head is long with a pointed snout and a large oblique mouth. The dorsal fin is continuous or slightly separated. The fins are flake-free, with the exception of 1 to 10 rows of small scales at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The lateral line extends over the tail, characteristic of all Sciaenidae. The body of the spotted seatrout is silvery with irregular black spots on the upper half, from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin. The dorsal side is dark grey with bluish reflections while the ventral side is silvery to white. The dorsal fin is dark, while the others are yellowish.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Comanche springs pupfish

The Comanche springs pupfish belongs to the Cyprinodontidae family. The common length for Comanche Springs aphid is 3.8 cm, the maximum reported length for this species is 6.2 cm. They can live up to two years. It reproduces in the spring. This species is endangered, so fishing is prohibited. The Comanche springs pupfish is a small fish with a compressed body. Males are larger than females and have a metallic blue color while females are beige.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Bloater fish

The Bloater fish belongs to the Salmonidae family. It has a maximum length of 37 cm for an average size of 25 cm. It has a maximum lifespan of 10 years. It spawns all year round with a peak in fall or winter. It can be fished all year round. The bloater is a small silvery white fish with a pink and purple iridescence. It has a greenish hue above and a whitish belly. It is very similar to kiyi, which distinguishes it by its lighter upper lip and smaller eye. Its body is deepest in its middle, its fins are small and pale and it has 40-47 gills.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Largemouth Bass

The Largemouth Bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. It has an average size of 45 cm but may reach 60 cm. The maximum recorded weight was 10,09 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds between February and July. It can be fished all year round. Largemouth bass has a large mouth with a slightly oblique mouth. Its body is thin to robust, slightly flattened laterally and of oval cross-section. The corner of the mouth extends beyond the eye. The back and head are dark green to light green in color with lighter sides and a whitish belly and underside. A large lateral band can be seen from the snout through the eyes to the base of the tail. Towards the tail, there is a series of spots of different sizes. These spots become a solid and uniform band on the caudal peduncle. The eye is golden brown. Vertical fins slightly pigmented, generally clear paired fins; caudal fin in young and adult. Adults in muddy lakes are dark olive brown to black, with marks that are difficult to distinguish. Males in breeding condition tend to be darker in color.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 35 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Humpback Chub

The Humpback Chub belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size recorded was 38 cm. It has a lifespan of 30 years. It spawns from April to June. It is a protected species, so the angling is prohibited. The body is almost entirely without a scale, retaining only 80 mid-lateral scales along the lateral line. The scales are deeply embedded on the surface of the fish, especially on the hump. The fish has a very streamlined body, with a thin caudal peduncle and a deeply forked tail. The fins are large and curved, and the origin of the ridge is approximately equal distance from the snout and base of the caudal fin. The mouth is lower and overhung by the muzzle. The pharyngeal arch is small, with a small lower branch. The back is pale olive grey, the sides silvery and the belly white. The dorsal fin generally has nine rays and the anal fin has 10 or more.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Colorado pikeminnow

The Colorado Pikeminnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The average length of the Colorado pikeminnow is 52.5 cm. The longest Colorado pikeminnow reported is 180 cm. The maximum age recorded for Colorado pikeminnow is 12 years. They spawn from late spring to mid-summer. Fishing is extremely restricted and prohibited because the Colorado Pikeminnow is an endangered species. Like the other three species of pikeminnows, its extended body resembles that of pike. The cone-shaped, slightly flattened head is elongated and forms nearly a quarter of the length of the body. Color levels range from bright olive green on the back to a lighter yellowish shade on the sides, through white. Young fish have a dark mark on the caudal fin. The dorsal and anal fins generally have 9 rays. Pharyngeal teeth are long and hooked.

Fishing period : prohibited

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Spotted Seatrout

The Spotted Seatrout belongs to the Scianidae family. Spotted sea trout reach a maximum length of 100 cm and a maximum weight of 7.9 kg. The lifespan of this species is 8 to 10 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The spotted seatrout has an elongated, somewhat compressed body with a slightly elevated back. The head is long with a pointed snout and a large oblique mouth. The dorsal fin is continuous or slightly separated. The fins are flake-free, with the exception of 1 to 10 rows of small scales at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The lateral line extends over the tail, characteristic of all Sciaenidae. The body of the spotted seatrout is silvery with irregular black spots on the upper half, from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin. The dorsal side is dark grey with bluish reflections while the ventral side is silvery to white. The dorsal fin is dark, while the others are yellowish.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Comanche springs pupfish

The Comanche springs pupfish belongs to the Cyprinodontidae family. The common length for Comanche Springs aphid is 3.8 cm, the maximum reported length for this species is 6.2 cm. They can live up to two years. It reproduces in the spring. This species is endangered, so fishing is prohibited. The Comanche springs pupfish is a small fish with a compressed body. Males are larger than females and have a metallic blue color while females are beige.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Bloater fish

The Bloater fish belongs to the Salmonidae family. It has a maximum length of 37 cm for an average size of 25 cm. It has a maximum lifespan of 10 years. It spawns all year round with a peak in fall or winter. It can be fished all year round. The bloater is a small silvery white fish with a pink and purple iridescence. It has a greenish hue above and a whitish belly. It is very similar to kiyi, which distinguishes it by its lighter upper lip and smaller eye. Its body is deepest in its middle, its fins are small and pale and it has 40-47 gills.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

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