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Most fished species at Fort Mc Coy Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Atlantic salmon

The Atlantic salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. Atlantic salmon can measure up to 1.50 m in length and weigh up to 36 kg. The average longevity of Atlantic salmon is estimated at 10 years. It breeds from October to November. The female lays 1500 to 1800 eggs per kg of weight. It can be fished all year round. Atlantic salmon have an elongated and slender body. The anal fin has eight to eleven rays. The caudal is large, concave in adults and forked in young people. The head is small and flattened on top. The mouth is large (split to the posterior edge of the eye) and has strong teeth on the jaws, tongue and palate. The scales are large and visible. The lateral line is straight. Large black dots on a light background form X on the head, back and dorsal fin. The color varies from blue to blue-grey on the back, it is silvery on the sides. It varies during the spawning season, with adults turning bronze to dark brown. They lose their silvery livery when they enter fresh water. Males are marked with red dots on the sides. The young are marked with seven to eleven vertical fingerprints that they will lose when they enter the sea. As spawning approaches, the male's head will change: it will elongate, the lower jaw will develop and bend to form a hook (male "becard").

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Chum Salmon

The Chum Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 100 cm for a maximum weight of 15 kg. It has a lifespan of 3 to 5 years. The breeding period depends on the location. It can be fished all year round. The body of chum salmon is deeper than most salmonidae species. Like other species in the Pacific, the anal fin has 12 to 20 rays, compared to a maximum of 12 in European species. The chum salmon has a silvery blue-green coloring with some indistinct spots in a darker shade and a rather paler belly. When they move in fresh water, their color changes to dark olive green and the belly color intensifies. When adults are about to spawn, they have purple streaks near the caudal peduncle, darker towards the tail. Breeding males generally develop an extended snout or kype, their lower fins turn white and their teeth are larger.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°3 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Pacific Lamprey

The Pacific Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. The adult size of the pacific lamprey can reach 80 cm. It can live up to 5 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be caught between July and September when it enters freshwater. The Pacific Lamprey differs from other lamprey species in that it has three large, sharp anterior teeth located on the supraoral bar. Like all lampreys, they have seven breathable pores on each side of their bodies and a large suction disc that acts as a mouth. They are dark blue at the top and silver or white at the bottom. During the breeding season, Pacific lampreys turn reddish brown and the appearance of the sexes begins to differentiate as a pseudo-anal fin develops on the female. Their larvae are difficult to distinguish from those of other lamprey species.

Fishing period : from July to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. it measures about 71 cm by 5 kg in general. They have a life expectancy of 5 years. They spawn from September to January. They can be captured from July to October. During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silvery sides and a dark blue back. After entering fresh water, they develop bright red flanks, blue-green heads and backs, a dark belly and dark spots on the back. Sexually mature fish develop a pale pink or pink shade along the belly, and males may have a slight arch on the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with a darker back.

Fishing period : From July to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Channel Catfish

The Channel Catfish belongs to the Ictaluridae family. adults often weigh between 40 and 60 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 26.3 kg. It has a life span of 15 years. It breeds from May to July. The ideal time to fish them is from March to May, before the breeding season. The body is elongated and flattened. The eyes are small and the mouth is lesser. They have eight sensory barbells, or "whiskers", around their mouths. Four whiskers are on the chin, two on the muzzle and one at both corners of the mouth. The tail is deeply forked with the edge of the rounded anal fin. The adult color is pale grey to olive on the back and white to yellowish on the belly. The young are generally light grey at the back and silvery on the sides. The sides have scattered dark spots.

Fishing period : Mars to May

Minimum size : No restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Paddlefish

The Paddlefish belongs to the Polyodontidae family. The adult size is between 1.2 m to 1.8 m. It has a lifespan of 20 to 30 years. They spawn in April to May. It can be fished from mid-May to June. The long paddle-shaped snout of this fish represents about one-third of its total body length. The snout helps stabilize fish as they swim and also contains specialized cells that help detect swarms of plankton that this species feeds on. The skin is smooth. Small individuals are pink at the back and white at the base; for older people, around 25 à 30 cm, the body color changes to bluish grey on the back and cream on the vent. The eyes are small compared to the rest of the head and body. On the underside of the snout are two little barbells in front of a large, toothless mouth. When seen through the mouth, the gills are large and show the many closely spaced filaments that trap microscopic food. On each side, a gill cover extends backwards, ending with a long pointed flap. The skeleton is composed of cartilage rather than bone. The tip of the spine extends into the upper lobe of the heterrorcercal tail, much like a shark does.

Fishing period : mid-May to June

Minimum size : 60 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Striped Bass

The Striped Bass belongs to the Moronidae family. It can weigh between 4 and 23 kg and size 46 to 140 cm. He can live up to 20 years. It spawns from April to mid-June. It can be fished from May to November. The striped bass has a laterally compressed body, a large terminal mouth, distinct dorsal fins and six to nine continuous lateral bands on both sides of its body. The second anal spine is shorter and thicker than the third anal spine. Striped bass tend to be pale green, olive, steel blue, black or brown on their back, with an iridescent white or silvery belly. Individuals over 25 years of age have been recorded and sexual maturity is reached between 2 and 4 years for men and between 5 and 8 years for women.

Fishing period : May to November

Minimum size : 70 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Atlantic salmon

The Atlantic salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. Atlantic salmon can measure up to 1.50 m in length and weigh up to 36 kg. The average longevity of Atlantic salmon is estimated at 10 years. It breeds from October to November. The female lays 1500 to 1800 eggs per kg of weight. It can be fished all year round. Atlantic salmon have an elongated and slender body. The anal fin has eight to eleven rays. The caudal is large, concave in adults and forked in young people. The head is small and flattened on top. The mouth is large (split to the posterior edge of the eye) and has strong teeth on the jaws, tongue and palate. The scales are large and visible. The lateral line is straight. Large black dots on a light background form X on the head, back and dorsal fin. The color varies from blue to blue-grey on the back, it is silvery on the sides. It varies during the spawning season, with adults turning bronze to dark brown. They lose their silvery livery when they enter fresh water. Males are marked with red dots on the sides. The young are marked with seven to eleven vertical fingerprints that they will lose when they enter the sea. As spawning approaches, the male's head will change: it will elongate, the lower jaw will develop and bend to form a hook (male "becard").

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Chum Salmon

The Chum Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 100 cm for a maximum weight of 15 kg. It has a lifespan of 3 to 5 years. The breeding period depends on the location. It can be fished all year round. The body of chum salmon is deeper than most salmonidae species. Like other species in the Pacific, the anal fin has 12 to 20 rays, compared to a maximum of 12 in European species. The chum salmon has a silvery blue-green coloring with some indistinct spots in a darker shade and a rather paler belly. When they move in fresh water, their color changes to dark olive green and the belly color intensifies. When adults are about to spawn, they have purple streaks near the caudal peduncle, darker towards the tail. Breeding males generally develop an extended snout or kype, their lower fins turn white and their teeth are larger.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°3 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Pacific Lamprey

The Pacific Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. The adult size of the pacific lamprey can reach 80 cm. It can live up to 5 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be caught between July and September when it enters freshwater. The Pacific Lamprey differs from other lamprey species in that it has three large, sharp anterior teeth located on the supraoral bar. Like all lampreys, they have seven breathable pores on each side of their bodies and a large suction disc that acts as a mouth. They are dark blue at the top and silver or white at the bottom. During the breeding season, Pacific lampreys turn reddish brown and the appearance of the sexes begins to differentiate as a pseudo-anal fin develops on the female. Their larvae are difficult to distinguish from those of other lamprey species.

Fishing period : from July to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. it measures about 71 cm by 5 kg in general. They have a life expectancy of 5 years. They spawn from September to January. They can be captured from July to October. During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silvery sides and a dark blue back. After entering fresh water, they develop bright red flanks, blue-green heads and backs, a dark belly and dark spots on the back. Sexually mature fish develop a pale pink or pink shade along the belly, and males may have a slight arch on the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with a darker back.

Fishing period : From July to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Channel Catfish

The Channel Catfish belongs to the Ictaluridae family. adults often weigh between 40 and 60 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 26.3 kg. It has a life span of 15 years. It breeds from May to July. The ideal time to fish them is from March to May, before the breeding season. The body is elongated and flattened. The eyes are small and the mouth is lesser. They have eight sensory barbells, or "whiskers", around their mouths. Four whiskers are on the chin, two on the muzzle and one at both corners of the mouth. The tail is deeply forked with the edge of the rounded anal fin. The adult color is pale grey to olive on the back and white to yellowish on the belly. The young are generally light grey at the back and silvery on the sides. The sides have scattered dark spots.

Fishing period : Mars to May

Minimum size : No restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Paddlefish

The Paddlefish belongs to the Polyodontidae family. The adult size is between 1.2 m to 1.8 m. It has a lifespan of 20 to 30 years. They spawn in April to May. It can be fished from mid-May to June. The long paddle-shaped snout of this fish represents about one-third of its total body length. The snout helps stabilize fish as they swim and also contains specialized cells that help detect swarms of plankton that this species feeds on. The skin is smooth. Small individuals are pink at the back and white at the base; for older people, around 25 à 30 cm, the body color changes to bluish grey on the back and cream on the vent. The eyes are small compared to the rest of the head and body. On the underside of the snout are two little barbells in front of a large, toothless mouth. When seen through the mouth, the gills are large and show the many closely spaced filaments that trap microscopic food. On each side, a gill cover extends backwards, ending with a long pointed flap. The skeleton is composed of cartilage rather than bone. The tip of the spine extends into the upper lobe of the heterrorcercal tail, much like a shark does.

Fishing period : mid-May to June

Minimum size : 60 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Striped Bass

The Striped Bass belongs to the Moronidae family. It can weigh between 4 and 23 kg and size 46 to 140 cm. He can live up to 20 years. It spawns from April to mid-June. It can be fished from May to November. The striped bass has a laterally compressed body, a large terminal mouth, distinct dorsal fins and six to nine continuous lateral bands on both sides of its body. The second anal spine is shorter and thicker than the third anal spine. Striped bass tend to be pale green, olive, steel blue, black or brown on their back, with an iridescent white or silvery belly. Individuals over 25 years of age have been recorded and sexual maturity is reached between 2 and 4 years for men and between 5 and 8 years for women.

Fishing period : May to November

Minimum size : 70 cm

Difficulty :

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4.5

19h50

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