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Most fished species at Palm Beach Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Black Grouper

The Black Grouper belongs to the Serranidae family. The black grouper is a large marine fish that can reach lengths of up to 150 cm and weigh 100 kg. The black grouper has a lifespan of about 40 years. Fish spawn between May and August. The black grouper fishing season is open from June to December. The black grouper is a large, marine fish with a prominent lower jaw. It has an oblong body shape and rounded edges on the dorsal and anal fins. The caudal fin is square and the dorsal fin has 11 spines and 15-17 rays. The preopercule is rounded without a notch, which distinguishes it from the gag grouper (Mycteroperca microlepis). The black grouper has an olive or grey body color, dark rectangular spots and small hexagonal bronze spots on the head and underside. The edges of the dorsal, anal and caudal fin are black or bluish; there is sometimes an orange border along the pectoral fins. The front teeth of the black grouper are well developed canines. Groupers have several sets of strong, thin teeth that play the role of a rasp. These teeth are not used to tear the flesh like barracudas and sharks, but rather to prevent small fish from escaping.

Fishing period : From June to December

Minimum size : 56 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Bonnethead shark

The Bonnethead shark belongs to the Sphyrnidae family. Bonnethead sharks are generally about 0.61 to 0.91 m long, with a maximum size of about 50 cm. Its maximum lifespan is about 12 years. It is believed that bonnethead mate in spring and fall, or even all year round. It can be fished all year round depending on the location. The bonnethead shark is a small species of shark with a head in the shape of a spade that characterizes this fish making it easier to identify. The head is flattened, the anterior margin of the head is also rounded between the eyes and the mouth is arched. The front teeth have straight and smooth cutting edges, while the next teeth have oblique cutting edges, the outer teeth of the lower jaw are modified in flat mills. The first dorsal fin slightly throws the posterior at the base of the pectoral fin. The dorsal drift with the rear lobe is well developed. Some specimens are dark brown in the lateral dorsal region, lighter in the ventral region and grey in others.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 60 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Black Sea Bass

The Black Sea Bass belongs to the Serranidae Family. It adult size can reach 66 cm for 4 kg. It has a lifespan of about 20 years old. The spawning season occurs from May to June. It can be fished in February and from May to December. They have a large body, a long dorsal fin, and adults have smoky grey-black or blue-black flanks and a lighter belly. Their scales are dark on the skin and become paler at the edges, giving the appearance of horizontal dots. Mature males have a hump immediately behind the dorsal fin. The youngest fish are green or brown. They are purely oceanic fish and, unlike many fish called "sea lions", they are a real Bass.

Fishing period : February, May to December

Minimum size : 32 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Lesser Amberjack

The Lesser Amberjack belongs to the Carangidae family. It has an average length of 50 cm for 4,53 kg. It has a lifespan of about ten years. It spawns throughout the year. It can be fished all year round. The body is short, a little wide and slightly tapered from the middle to each end. Above the lateral line, they are olive green, brownish, dark pinkish or purple and below the lateral line, they are white or silver grey. A slightly golden line extends from the eye to the tail and a dark band extends diagonally from the eye almost to the first dorsal fin. Juveniles have seven to eight brownish, irregular and sometimes broken bands. The first rounded dorsal fin has eight spines. The second largest dorsal fin, which is not connected to the first, has a spine and 30 to 32 rays. There are three spines and 19 to 20 rays on the anal fin. The second dorsal fin and the smallest anal fin are similar in shape, with the front ends extending to a peak. The tail is in the shape of a boomerang.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Little Tunny

The Little Tunny belongs to the Scombridae family. The average size of little tunny can reach 81 cm in length and weigh up to 9.1 kg. The maximum size recorded is 122 cm and 16 kg. Little tunny can live up to 10 years. It spawns from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The little tunny has a robust torpedo-shaped body designed for powerful swimming. The mouth is large, slightly bent and terminal with rigid jaws. The lower jaw slightly protrudes from the upper jaw. There are two longitudinal ridges on the tongue. The body lacks scales, with the exception of the corselet and the lateral line. The corselet is a band of large and thick scales forming a circle around the body behind the head, extending backwards along the lateral line. The lateral line is slightly wavy with a slight arch below the dorsal fin, then straight towards the caudal keel. The caudal fin is deeply lunar, with a thin caudal pendulum including a short keel on each side. The first dorsal fin has high anterior spines that give it a concave contour, which is only very closely separated from the second dorsal fin. The pectoral fins are pointed and short and do not extend to the end of the first dorsal fin; the pelvic fins are inserted just behind the origin of the pectoral fins. The swim bladder is absent. This fish is steel blue with 3 to 5 broken dark wavy lines, not extending below the lateral line. The belly is white and lacks stripes. There are 3 to 7 black spots between the pelvic and pect

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lane Snapper

The Lane Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. Lane snappers have an average length of 36 cm and a maximum length of 50 cm. Sexual maturity is achieved at lengths of 10 to 23 cm. The maximum estimated age of the snapper is 10 years. Their spawning period depends on the location. It can be fished in late spring and early summer. The snapper has a deep body and a pointed snout. It has a double dorsal fin, with a curved anal fin and short pectoral fins. The caudal fin is emarginated to slightly forked. Lane snapper has two color phases. The coloring of the deep water phase is darker and more pronounced than that of the resting phase in shallow water. The two color phases have the upper sides and the backs pink to red with a green shade. The lower sides and belly are silvered with a yellow shade. The head has 3 or 4 yellow bands from the snout to the eye, the lower jaw slightly protrudes. There are eight to ten horizontal yellow to pink stripes on their sides and three or four stripes below their anterior dorsal radius. There is a diffuse black spot under the soft part of the dorsal fin. All fins range from yellow to red.

Fishing period : late spring to early summer

Minimum size : 20 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Gulf Kingfish

The Gulf Kingfish belongs to the Scianidae family. The adult size can reach 60 cm for 1,36 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds from September to March. It can be fished all year. Also known as a kingcroaker, the Gulf Kingfish is the biggest of the three whiting. The body is silvery in color and does not contain vertical spots or stripes like the other two species. However, it has a very visible black spot on the top of the tail.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Cero fish

The Cero Fish belongs to the Scombridae family. The maximum size known for the Cero fish is 83 cm and a maximum weight of 7.8 kg and its usual size is about 38 cm. It can live to be 11 years old. It reproduces from April to October in general. It is abundant from October to December. The cero fish has an elongated and streamlined body which is well suited for swimming at speeds of up to 48 km/ h. The body is covered with small scales; the lateral line being inclined towards the caudal peduncle. The caudal fin is lunar and the pelvic fins are relatively long. The scales extend over the pectoral fins. The spiny and soft dorsal fins are separated, with the soft dorsal fin corresponding to the anal fin just below. A series of pinnules follows each fin and three pins on each side of the caudal peduncle. The swim bladder is absent in the cero fish. The back is iridescent bluish green with silvery sides and belly. A semi-lateral bronze band extends from the pectoral fin to the base of the caudal fin. There are several rows of yellow-orange streaks with yellow spots forming lines above and below the sideband. The front third of the first dorsal fin is bluish black.

Fishing period : October to December

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Tripletail fish

The Tripletail fish belongs to the Lobotidae family. The tripletail is 89 cm long and weighs 18.6 kg. However, the average weight is between 1 and 7 kg. The Tripletail have a lifespan of about 10 years. They spawn in summer. It can be fished all year round. The tripletail has small scales that extend over the dorsal, caudal and anal fins and a head profile that becomes more concave with age. The tripletail has a compressed and deep body, with a triangular head. The eyes are relatively small and the mouth is large. The bases of the dorsal and anal fins are flaked and the pectoral fins are shorter than the pelvic fins. The tripletail has soft, large and rounded dorsal, caudal and anal fins. This characteristic has given rise to the common name. Juveniles are marbled yellow, brown and black. Lying on the side at the surface of the water, a young tripletail looks like a floating mangrove leaf. Juveniles have white pectoral fins and a white border on the caudal fin. The adult tripletails have a variety of marbled patterns, ranging from dark brown to reddish brown or brown with a shade of grey.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Mutton Snapper

The Mutton Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. They have an average length of 50 cm for an average weight of 4.5 kg. They have a lifespan of 14 years old. They spawn in February or in the summer according to the location. The best time to catch them is from May to August. This snapper is a relatively deep fish, with an almost lunar tail. It has a moderately bi-lobed dorsal fin and a very sharp anal fin. The pectoral fin of this snapper is long and is located just after the anal origin. Sheep snappers are very colorful: olive green on the back and on the upper sides, with a red tinge on the lower and lower sides. There is a distinct black spot on the upper back and blue stripes on the cheek area under the eye. There are two phases of color, which is prohibited when the fish is at rest and the solid color when the fish is swimming. The anal fin is sharp and there is a little black spot below the dorsal fin.

Fishing period : May to August

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Black Grouper

The Black Grouper belongs to the Serranidae family. The black grouper is a large marine fish that can reach lengths of up to 150 cm and weigh 100 kg. The black grouper has a lifespan of about 40 years. Fish spawn between May and August. The black grouper fishing season is open from June to December. The black grouper is a large, marine fish with a prominent lower jaw. It has an oblong body shape and rounded edges on the dorsal and anal fins. The caudal fin is square and the dorsal fin has 11 spines and 15-17 rays. The preopercule is rounded without a notch, which distinguishes it from the gag grouper (Mycteroperca microlepis). The black grouper has an olive or grey body color, dark rectangular spots and small hexagonal bronze spots on the head and underside. The edges of the dorsal, anal and caudal fin are black or bluish; there is sometimes an orange border along the pectoral fins. The front teeth of the black grouper are well developed canines. Groupers have several sets of strong, thin teeth that play the role of a rasp. These teeth are not used to tear the flesh like barracudas and sharks, but rather to prevent small fish from escaping.

Fishing period : From June to December

Minimum size : 56 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Bonnethead shark

The Bonnethead shark belongs to the Sphyrnidae family. Bonnethead sharks are generally about 0.61 to 0.91 m long, with a maximum size of about 50 cm. Its maximum lifespan is about 12 years. It is believed that bonnethead mate in spring and fall, or even all year round. It can be fished all year round depending on the location. The bonnethead shark is a small species of shark with a head in the shape of a spade that characterizes this fish making it easier to identify. The head is flattened, the anterior margin of the head is also rounded between the eyes and the mouth is arched. The front teeth have straight and smooth cutting edges, while the next teeth have oblique cutting edges, the outer teeth of the lower jaw are modified in flat mills. The first dorsal fin slightly throws the posterior at the base of the pectoral fin. The dorsal drift with the rear lobe is well developed. Some specimens are dark brown in the lateral dorsal region, lighter in the ventral region and grey in others.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 60 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Black Sea Bass

The Black Sea Bass belongs to the Serranidae Family. It adult size can reach 66 cm for 4 kg. It has a lifespan of about 20 years old. The spawning season occurs from May to June. It can be fished in February and from May to December. They have a large body, a long dorsal fin, and adults have smoky grey-black or blue-black flanks and a lighter belly. Their scales are dark on the skin and become paler at the edges, giving the appearance of horizontal dots. Mature males have a hump immediately behind the dorsal fin. The youngest fish are green or brown. They are purely oceanic fish and, unlike many fish called "sea lions", they are a real Bass.

Fishing period : February, May to December

Minimum size : 32 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Lesser Amberjack

The Lesser Amberjack belongs to the Carangidae family. It has an average length of 50 cm for 4,53 kg. It has a lifespan of about ten years. It spawns throughout the year. It can be fished all year round. The body is short, a little wide and slightly tapered from the middle to each end. Above the lateral line, they are olive green, brownish, dark pinkish or purple and below the lateral line, they are white or silver grey. A slightly golden line extends from the eye to the tail and a dark band extends diagonally from the eye almost to the first dorsal fin. Juveniles have seven to eight brownish, irregular and sometimes broken bands. The first rounded dorsal fin has eight spines. The second largest dorsal fin, which is not connected to the first, has a spine and 30 to 32 rays. There are three spines and 19 to 20 rays on the anal fin. The second dorsal fin and the smallest anal fin are similar in shape, with the front ends extending to a peak. The tail is in the shape of a boomerang.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Little Tunny

The Little Tunny belongs to the Scombridae family. The average size of little tunny can reach 81 cm in length and weigh up to 9.1 kg. The maximum size recorded is 122 cm and 16 kg. Little tunny can live up to 10 years. It spawns from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The little tunny has a robust torpedo-shaped body designed for powerful swimming. The mouth is large, slightly bent and terminal with rigid jaws. The lower jaw slightly protrudes from the upper jaw. There are two longitudinal ridges on the tongue. The body lacks scales, with the exception of the corselet and the lateral line. The corselet is a band of large and thick scales forming a circle around the body behind the head, extending backwards along the lateral line. The lateral line is slightly wavy with a slight arch below the dorsal fin, then straight towards the caudal keel. The caudal fin is deeply lunar, with a thin caudal pendulum including a short keel on each side. The first dorsal fin has high anterior spines that give it a concave contour, which is only very closely separated from the second dorsal fin. The pectoral fins are pointed and short and do not extend to the end of the first dorsal fin; the pelvic fins are inserted just behind the origin of the pectoral fins. The swim bladder is absent. This fish is steel blue with 3 to 5 broken dark wavy lines, not extending below the lateral line. The belly is white and lacks stripes. There are 3 to 7 black spots between the pelvic and pect

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lane Snapper

The Lane Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. Lane snappers have an average length of 36 cm and a maximum length of 50 cm. Sexual maturity is achieved at lengths of 10 to 23 cm. The maximum estimated age of the snapper is 10 years. Their spawning period depends on the location. It can be fished in late spring and early summer. The snapper has a deep body and a pointed snout. It has a double dorsal fin, with a curved anal fin and short pectoral fins. The caudal fin is emarginated to slightly forked. Lane snapper has two color phases. The coloring of the deep water phase is darker and more pronounced than that of the resting phase in shallow water. The two color phases have the upper sides and the backs pink to red with a green shade. The lower sides and belly are silvered with a yellow shade. The head has 3 or 4 yellow bands from the snout to the eye, the lower jaw slightly protrudes. There are eight to ten horizontal yellow to pink stripes on their sides and three or four stripes below their anterior dorsal radius. There is a diffuse black spot under the soft part of the dorsal fin. All fins range from yellow to red.

Fishing period : late spring to early summer

Minimum size : 20 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Gulf Kingfish

The Gulf Kingfish belongs to the Scianidae family. The adult size can reach 60 cm for 1,36 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds from September to March. It can be fished all year. Also known as a kingcroaker, the Gulf Kingfish is the biggest of the three whiting. The body is silvery in color and does not contain vertical spots or stripes like the other two species. However, it has a very visible black spot on the top of the tail.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Cero fish

The Cero Fish belongs to the Scombridae family. The maximum size known for the Cero fish is 83 cm and a maximum weight of 7.8 kg and its usual size is about 38 cm. It can live to be 11 years old. It reproduces from April to October in general. It is abundant from October to December. The cero fish has an elongated and streamlined body which is well suited for swimming at speeds of up to 48 km/ h. The body is covered with small scales; the lateral line being inclined towards the caudal peduncle. The caudal fin is lunar and the pelvic fins are relatively long. The scales extend over the pectoral fins. The spiny and soft dorsal fins are separated, with the soft dorsal fin corresponding to the anal fin just below. A series of pinnules follows each fin and three pins on each side of the caudal peduncle. The swim bladder is absent in the cero fish. The back is iridescent bluish green with silvery sides and belly. A semi-lateral bronze band extends from the pectoral fin to the base of the caudal fin. There are several rows of yellow-orange streaks with yellow spots forming lines above and below the sideband. The front third of the first dorsal fin is bluish black.

Fishing period : October to December

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Tripletail fish

The Tripletail fish belongs to the Lobotidae family. The tripletail is 89 cm long and weighs 18.6 kg. However, the average weight is between 1 and 7 kg. The Tripletail have a lifespan of about 10 years. They spawn in summer. It can be fished all year round. The tripletail has small scales that extend over the dorsal, caudal and anal fins and a head profile that becomes more concave with age. The tripletail has a compressed and deep body, with a triangular head. The eyes are relatively small and the mouth is large. The bases of the dorsal and anal fins are flaked and the pectoral fins are shorter than the pelvic fins. The tripletail has soft, large and rounded dorsal, caudal and anal fins. This characteristic has given rise to the common name. Juveniles are marbled yellow, brown and black. Lying on the side at the surface of the water, a young tripletail looks like a floating mangrove leaf. Juveniles have white pectoral fins and a white border on the caudal fin. The adult tripletails have a variety of marbled patterns, ranging from dark brown to reddish brown or brown with a shade of grey.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Mutton Snapper

The Mutton Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. They have an average length of 50 cm for an average weight of 4.5 kg. They have a lifespan of 14 years old. They spawn in February or in the summer according to the location. The best time to catch them is from May to August. This snapper is a relatively deep fish, with an almost lunar tail. It has a moderately bi-lobed dorsal fin and a very sharp anal fin. The pectoral fin of this snapper is long and is located just after the anal origin. Sheep snappers are very colorful: olive green on the back and on the upper sides, with a red tinge on the lower and lower sides. There is a distinct black spot on the upper back and blue stripes on the cheek area under the eye. There are two phases of color, which is prohibited when the fish is at rest and the solid color when the fish is swimming. The anal fin is sharp and there is a little black spot below the dorsal fin.

Fishing period : May to August

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

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3.4

19h50

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