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Most fished species at Bagdad Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Gray Snapper

The Gray Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. The gray snapper is one of the smallest snappers. It rarely exceeds 45 cm and almost always weighs less than 4 kg. The maximum size is 60 cm for 27 kg. It has a lifespan of 27 years. It breeds from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The gray snapper has a relatively slim body, a large mouth and a pointed snout. The anal fin is rounded and the pectoral fins short, without reaching the anal fin. Although the background color of this species may vary, particularly in juveniles, the body and fins of the gray snapper are generally grey to green with a reddish tinge. On the sides of the fish, there are rows of small reddish to orange spots. The median fins are darker than the even fins, often bordered with yellow or white, and the pectoral fins are colorless. The rear edge of the anal fin is rounded. There is no black spot on the side of the body. Young gray snappers have a clearly visible dark band from the snout through the eye and a less visible blue band on the cheek under the eye. They may also sometimes show a lateral pattern of thin pale bars on the body. The fins of juveniles are reddish orange with dark edges.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 31 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Swordfish

The Swordfish belongs to the Xiphiidae family. Swordfish reach a maximum size of 455 cm in total length and a maximum weight of 650 kg, although individuals caught generally measure 120 to 190 cm in length for 140 kg. Swordfish have a minimum lifespan of 9 years. They can spawn all year round. They can be caught all year round. Swordfish, are the only member of the Xiphiidae family and can be distinguished from other billfishes (family Billfish) by the shape of its extended "beak", which is in the form of a flattened oval cross-section. The bill is long compared to other sword fishes and adults lack teeth in the jaws. While the young have scales, they are lost when the fish reaches a length of about 1 m. Adults lack scales and teeth. The body is generally cylindrical. Two dorsal fins are present, although the second is quite small, separate from the first and very far back on the body. The first dorsal fin is high and rigid. Similarly, there are two anal fins, although the second is much smaller than the first. Pelvic fins are absent. The caudal fin is lunar, while the caudal peduncle has a pronounced keel on each side. The lateral line is also present in specimens up to 1 m long, but it is also missing in adulthood. Before adulthood, the morphology of swordfish changes considerably, as described below. The colour is blackish brown above, then moving to a lighter shade. The fins are brown or dark brown.

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : 120 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Scamp fih

The scamp fish belongs to the Serranidae family. Its maximum size is 7.8 kg for more than 100 cm. It has a lifespan of about 48 years. It spawns from April to May. It can be fished all year round. It has a light grey or brown color, large adults have elongated caudal rays and reddish brown spots on the sides that tend to be grouped in lines. It also has yellow spots around the corners of the mouth. It is linked to the gag and other slender groupers. Naughty animals are identified by their pronounced and pronounced dorsal and anal ray extensions, a more concave head profile and by their color. Scamps have a light brown to greyish brown body covered with well defined and separated black spots, which measure about 0.31 cm.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Hogfish

The Hogfish belongs to the Labridae family. The adult size may rich 90 cm for 10 kg/ It has a lifespan of 11 years. It breeds from February to March. It can be fished from May to October. The hogfish is large with a tall, round body that is laterally compressed. This contrasts with other wrasses, which tend to be smaller and cigar-shaped. The caudal fin is slightly lunar and the first three dorsal spines are elongated and thickened, dragging behind the fin. The tips of the dorsal and anal fins are pointed. It uses its elongated pig-shaped snout and large protruding mouth to root around the prey's lower substrate. The color of the hogfish is variable and depends on age, sex and habitat. It generally ranges from pearl white to mottled red with a black spot at the back base of the soft ridge. Men tend to be more intense in color than women. Young individuals and females are mainly pale grey, brown or reddish brown, with a lighter underside. The iris is a bright red color.

Fishing period : from May to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The White Marlin

The White Marlin belongs to the Istiophoridae family. White marlin is smaller than many other sword fish. The maximum length for white marlin is 280 cm and the maximum weight is about 82 kg. It has a lifespan of about 18 years. They spawn in summer. The best time to catch white marlin is from June to August. This fish has a long, compressed, moderately fusiform body. The upper jaw forms a beak, with a round, long and thin cross-section compared to many other sword fish. Two dorsal fins and two anal fins are present. The first dorsal fin extends almost the entire length of the body, with a first lobe that shrinks abruptly towards the twelfth radius of the dorsal fin, then slowly. The maximum height of the large lobe is greater than the depth of the body. The second dorsal fin is inserted slightly behind the second anal fin. The first anal fin forms a strongly rounded lobe, while the second one approximately reflects the shape of the second dorsal fin above it. The pectoral fins are long and wide. The pelvic fins are inserted just below the origin of the pectoral fins. They are thin and equal to or slightly shorter than pectoral fins. The caudal peduncle contains a double keel. The body has a dense cover of bone scales. The lateral line is distinct and extends straight over the body, with only one curve on the origin of the dorsal fin. The body is dark blue above and silvery white below, with brown spots on the sides of the white part.

Fishing period : June to August

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lane Snapper

The Lane Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. Lane snappers have an average length of 36 cm and a maximum length of 50 cm. Sexual maturity is achieved at lengths of 10 to 23 cm. The maximum estimated age of the snapper is 10 years. Their spawning period depends on the location. It can be fished in late spring and early summer. The snapper has a deep body and a pointed snout. It has a double dorsal fin, with a curved anal fin and short pectoral fins. The caudal fin is emarginated to slightly forked. Lane snapper has two color phases. The coloring of the deep water phase is darker and more pronounced than that of the resting phase in shallow water. The two color phases have the upper sides and the backs pink to red with a green shade. The lower sides and belly are silvered with a yellow shade. The head has 3 or 4 yellow bands from the snout to the eye, the lower jaw slightly protrudes. There are eight to ten horizontal yellow to pink stripes on their sides and three or four stripes below their anterior dorsal radius. There is a diffuse black spot under the soft part of the dorsal fin. All fins range from yellow to red.

Fishing period : late spring to early summer

Minimum size : 20 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Permit fish

The Permit fish belongs to the Carangidae family. Permits reach a maximum length of at least 122 cm and a weight of 36 kg. Permit can be up to 23 years old, but they probably live longer. The spawning season of permit can last all year round. It can be fished in the spring. The deeply forked tail and elongated front dorsal fin provide the most distinctive features of the permit. Resembling long sickle-like fins, these fins give the name of the fish species, falcatus. However, the permit can also be identified by its highly compressed lateral body, which gives the fish a fine and high appearance. From a lateral point of view, the shape of the permit is rounded in juveniles, but becomes oblong as the fish ages to become an adult. In addition to the long dorsal anterior fin, inserted directly above an elongated anterior anal fin, it also provides 17 to 21 soft dorsal and 16 to 19 soft anal rays. The permits have bright silver sides and blue-green or brown backs. The belly sometimes has occasional yellow or black spots. The fins appear dark grey or black.

Fishing period : spring

Minimum size : 55 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Mutton Snapper

The Mutton Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. They have an average length of 50 cm for an average weight of 4.5 kg. They have a lifespan of 14 years old. They spawn in February or in the summer according to the location. The best time to catch them is from May to August. This snapper is a relatively deep fish, with an almost lunar tail. It has a moderately bi-lobed dorsal fin and a very sharp anal fin. The pectoral fin of this snapper is long and is located just after the anal origin. Sheep snappers are very colorful: olive green on the back and on the upper sides, with a red tinge on the lower and lower sides. There is a distinct black spot on the upper back and blue stripes on the cheek area under the eye. There are two phases of color, which is prohibited when the fish is at rest and the solid color when the fish is swimming. The anal fin is sharp and there is a little black spot below the dorsal fin.

Fishing period : May to August

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Queen Snapper

The Queen Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. It can measure up to 1-meter-long, however, it is rare to cross specimens larger than 60 centimeters. In general, juveniles weight between 5kg and 6kg, which are the most frequent catches. It has a lifespan of 8 years. It reproduces throughout the year. It can be fished all year round. Identifying the queen snapper is not difficult, since even other morwongs do not look like them. Sometimes, however, they can be more silvery than blue. They have yellow lines around the head, a long filament on the pectoral fin and blubbery lips make the snapper distinctly identifiable.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Bull Huss

The Bull Huss belongs to the Scyliorhinidae family. Small in size, they usually measure 60 to 80 cm, although there are larger ones, since they can reach 1.5 m in the Mediterranean and 2 m in the Atlantic. This fish can live for 75 years. It spawns a hundred eggs all year round, especially in the late winter and in July. It is abundant every day of the year. This fish is not really active but still is hard to catch. The upper part of the Bull Huss is light brown in color, covered with small dark brown spots. Because of this pattern of spots, it is also called spotted cat shark. The part of the flank is white and grey. The mouth and nose holes are below his obtuse head. The particularity of the Bull Huss is that its nostrils are linked to the mouth by a curved line.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 58 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Gray Snapper

The Gray Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. The gray snapper is one of the smallest snappers. It rarely exceeds 45 cm and almost always weighs less than 4 kg. The maximum size is 60 cm for 27 kg. It has a lifespan of 27 years. It breeds from April to November. It can be fished all year round. The gray snapper has a relatively slim body, a large mouth and a pointed snout. The anal fin is rounded and the pectoral fins short, without reaching the anal fin. Although the background color of this species may vary, particularly in juveniles, the body and fins of the gray snapper are generally grey to green with a reddish tinge. On the sides of the fish, there are rows of small reddish to orange spots. The median fins are darker than the even fins, often bordered with yellow or white, and the pectoral fins are colorless. The rear edge of the anal fin is rounded. There is no black spot on the side of the body. Young gray snappers have a clearly visible dark band from the snout through the eye and a less visible blue band on the cheek under the eye. They may also sometimes show a lateral pattern of thin pale bars on the body. The fins of juveniles are reddish orange with dark edges.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : 31 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Swordfish

The Swordfish belongs to the Xiphiidae family. Swordfish reach a maximum size of 455 cm in total length and a maximum weight of 650 kg, although individuals caught generally measure 120 to 190 cm in length for 140 kg. Swordfish have a minimum lifespan of 9 years. They can spawn all year round. They can be caught all year round. Swordfish, are the only member of the Xiphiidae family and can be distinguished from other billfishes (family Billfish) by the shape of its extended "beak", which is in the form of a flattened oval cross-section. The bill is long compared to other sword fishes and adults lack teeth in the jaws. While the young have scales, they are lost when the fish reaches a length of about 1 m. Adults lack scales and teeth. The body is generally cylindrical. Two dorsal fins are present, although the second is quite small, separate from the first and very far back on the body. The first dorsal fin is high and rigid. Similarly, there are two anal fins, although the second is much smaller than the first. Pelvic fins are absent. The caudal fin is lunar, while the caudal peduncle has a pronounced keel on each side. The lateral line is also present in specimens up to 1 m long, but it is also missing in adulthood. Before adulthood, the morphology of swordfish changes considerably, as described below. The colour is blackish brown above, then moving to a lighter shade. The fins are brown or dark brown.

Fishing period : All year round

Minimum size : 120 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Scamp fih

The scamp fish belongs to the Serranidae family. Its maximum size is 7.8 kg for more than 100 cm. It has a lifespan of about 48 years. It spawns from April to May. It can be fished all year round. It has a light grey or brown color, large adults have elongated caudal rays and reddish brown spots on the sides that tend to be grouped in lines. It also has yellow spots around the corners of the mouth. It is linked to the gag and other slender groupers. Naughty animals are identified by their pronounced and pronounced dorsal and anal ray extensions, a more concave head profile and by their color. Scamps have a light brown to greyish brown body covered with well defined and separated black spots, which measure about 0.31 cm.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Hogfish

The Hogfish belongs to the Labridae family. The adult size may rich 90 cm for 10 kg/ It has a lifespan of 11 years. It breeds from February to March. It can be fished from May to October. The hogfish is large with a tall, round body that is laterally compressed. This contrasts with other wrasses, which tend to be smaller and cigar-shaped. The caudal fin is slightly lunar and the first three dorsal spines are elongated and thickened, dragging behind the fin. The tips of the dorsal and anal fins are pointed. It uses its elongated pig-shaped snout and large protruding mouth to root around the prey's lower substrate. The color of the hogfish is variable and depends on age, sex and habitat. It generally ranges from pearl white to mottled red with a black spot at the back base of the soft ridge. Men tend to be more intense in color than women. Young individuals and females are mainly pale grey, brown or reddish brown, with a lighter underside. The iris is a bright red color.

Fishing period : from May to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The White Marlin

The White Marlin belongs to the Istiophoridae family. White marlin is smaller than many other sword fish. The maximum length for white marlin is 280 cm and the maximum weight is about 82 kg. It has a lifespan of about 18 years. They spawn in summer. The best time to catch white marlin is from June to August. This fish has a long, compressed, moderately fusiform body. The upper jaw forms a beak, with a round, long and thin cross-section compared to many other sword fish. Two dorsal fins and two anal fins are present. The first dorsal fin extends almost the entire length of the body, with a first lobe that shrinks abruptly towards the twelfth radius of the dorsal fin, then slowly. The maximum height of the large lobe is greater than the depth of the body. The second dorsal fin is inserted slightly behind the second anal fin. The first anal fin forms a strongly rounded lobe, while the second one approximately reflects the shape of the second dorsal fin above it. The pectoral fins are long and wide. The pelvic fins are inserted just below the origin of the pectoral fins. They are thin and equal to or slightly shorter than pectoral fins. The caudal peduncle contains a double keel. The body has a dense cover of bone scales. The lateral line is distinct and extends straight over the body, with only one curve on the origin of the dorsal fin. The body is dark blue above and silvery white below, with brown spots on the sides of the white part.

Fishing period : June to August

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lane Snapper

The Lane Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. Lane snappers have an average length of 36 cm and a maximum length of 50 cm. Sexual maturity is achieved at lengths of 10 to 23 cm. The maximum estimated age of the snapper is 10 years. Their spawning period depends on the location. It can be fished in late spring and early summer. The snapper has a deep body and a pointed snout. It has a double dorsal fin, with a curved anal fin and short pectoral fins. The caudal fin is emarginated to slightly forked. Lane snapper has two color phases. The coloring of the deep water phase is darker and more pronounced than that of the resting phase in shallow water. The two color phases have the upper sides and the backs pink to red with a green shade. The lower sides and belly are silvered with a yellow shade. The head has 3 or 4 yellow bands from the snout to the eye, the lower jaw slightly protrudes. There are eight to ten horizontal yellow to pink stripes on their sides and three or four stripes below their anterior dorsal radius. There is a diffuse black spot under the soft part of the dorsal fin. All fins range from yellow to red.

Fishing period : late spring to early summer

Minimum size : 20 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Permit fish

The Permit fish belongs to the Carangidae family. Permits reach a maximum length of at least 122 cm and a weight of 36 kg. Permit can be up to 23 years old, but they probably live longer. The spawning season of permit can last all year round. It can be fished in the spring. The deeply forked tail and elongated front dorsal fin provide the most distinctive features of the permit. Resembling long sickle-like fins, these fins give the name of the fish species, falcatus. However, the permit can also be identified by its highly compressed lateral body, which gives the fish a fine and high appearance. From a lateral point of view, the shape of the permit is rounded in juveniles, but becomes oblong as the fish ages to become an adult. In addition to the long dorsal anterior fin, inserted directly above an elongated anterior anal fin, it also provides 17 to 21 soft dorsal and 16 to 19 soft anal rays. The permits have bright silver sides and blue-green or brown backs. The belly sometimes has occasional yellow or black spots. The fins appear dark grey or black.

Fishing period : spring

Minimum size : 55 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Mutton Snapper

The Mutton Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. They have an average length of 50 cm for an average weight of 4.5 kg. They have a lifespan of 14 years old. They spawn in February or in the summer according to the location. The best time to catch them is from May to August. This snapper is a relatively deep fish, with an almost lunar tail. It has a moderately bi-lobed dorsal fin and a very sharp anal fin. The pectoral fin of this snapper is long and is located just after the anal origin. Sheep snappers are very colorful: olive green on the back and on the upper sides, with a red tinge on the lower and lower sides. There is a distinct black spot on the upper back and blue stripes on the cheek area under the eye. There are two phases of color, which is prohibited when the fish is at rest and the solid color when the fish is swimming. The anal fin is sharp and there is a little black spot below the dorsal fin.

Fishing period : May to August

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Queen Snapper

The Queen Snapper belongs to the Lutjanidae family. It can measure up to 1-meter-long, however, it is rare to cross specimens larger than 60 centimeters. In general, juveniles weight between 5kg and 6kg, which are the most frequent catches. It has a lifespan of 8 years. It reproduces throughout the year. It can be fished all year round. Identifying the queen snapper is not difficult, since even other morwongs do not look like them. Sometimes, however, they can be more silvery than blue. They have yellow lines around the head, a long filament on the pectoral fin and blubbery lips make the snapper distinctly identifiable.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Bull Huss

The Bull Huss belongs to the Scyliorhinidae family. Small in size, they usually measure 60 to 80 cm, although there are larger ones, since they can reach 1.5 m in the Mediterranean and 2 m in the Atlantic. This fish can live for 75 years. It spawns a hundred eggs all year round, especially in the late winter and in July. It is abundant every day of the year. This fish is not really active but still is hard to catch. The upper part of the Bull Huss is light brown in color, covered with small dark brown spots. Because of this pattern of spots, it is also called spotted cat shark. The part of the flank is white and grey. The mouth and nose holes are below his obtuse head. The particularity of the Bull Huss is that its nostrils are linked to the mouth by a curved line.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 58 cm

Difficulty :

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3.3

19h50

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