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Most fished species at Oxford Top species most fished by Club members

Top species most fished by Club members

N°1 | The Bloater fish

The Bloater fish belongs to the Salmonidae family. It has a maximum length of 37 cm for an average size of 25 cm. It has a maximum lifespan of 10 years. It spawns all year round with a peak in fall or winter. It can be fished all year round. The bloater is a small silvery white fish with a pink and purple iridescence. It has a greenish hue above and a whitish belly. It is very similar to kiyi, which distinguishes it by its lighter upper lip and smaller eye. Its body is deepest in its middle, its fins are small and pale and it has 40-47 gills.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The White Bass

The White Bass belongs to the Moronidae family. Its maximum length is 46 cm and its maximum weight is 3.2 kg. Its maximum lifespan is 15 years. Spawning takes place from March to May. The best time to catch it is from mid-April to mid-May. As with other true basses, the dorsal fin is clearly double, separated into thorny and soft-raked parts. White Bass is a silvery shade ranging from dark grey or black on the back to white on the belly. Several incomplete lines or stripes extend horizontally on either side of the body. Adults look like a young striped bass, and the two are often confused. However, the striped bass has two distinct pieces of teeth on the back of the tongue, and the white wolf has one piece of tooth. The striped bass has two points on each cap, unlike the white bass which has one, and the second spine of the anal fin measures about half of the third spine of the striped bass, while it is about two thirds the length of the third spine in White Bass.

Fishing period : mid-April to mid-may

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Westlope cutthroat trout

The Westlope cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae Family. The average length of the fish is about 30 cm and rarely exceeds 46 cm. It has an average life span of 2 to 5 years. They breed in the spring. Fishing is prohibited because this fish is endangered. The fish has teeth under the tongue, on the roof of the mouth and on the front of the mouth. The gorge cutting the western slope is common in the waters of lakes and rivers upstream. The skin has small dark freckle-like spots, grouped towards the tail, and is mainly orange in color. They are distinguished from rainbow trout by the red, pink or orange markings under the jaw.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Walleye

The Walleye belongs to the Percidae family. They can reach 107 cm in length and reach 11 kg. The average weight is about 5 kg. Walleye can live 10 to 20 years. They spawn in the spring or early summer. It can be fished from May to March. Walleye are freshwater fish of the Percidae family, a popular and commonly supplied game fish. The body is long and thin, mainly golden and olive colored, with a white belly. The back is crossed with five or more black stripes. They have two dorsal fins - one spiny and one with softened rays. The mouth of the walleye is wide, with sharp teeth, and its low-light vision helps it to find its prey at night.

Fishing period : May to March

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Atlantic salmon

The Atlantic salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. Atlantic salmon can measure up to 1.50 m in length and weigh up to 36 kg. The average longevity of Atlantic salmon is estimated at 10 years. It breeds from October to November. The female lays 1500 to 1800 eggs per kg of weight. It can be fished all year round. Atlantic salmon have an elongated and slender body. The anal fin has eight to eleven rays. The caudal is large, concave in adults and forked in young people. The head is small and flattened on top. The mouth is large (split to the posterior edge of the eye) and has strong teeth on the jaws, tongue and palate. The scales are large and visible. The lateral line is straight. Large black dots on a light background form X on the head, back and dorsal fin. The color varies from blue to blue-grey on the back, it is silvery on the sides. It varies during the spawning season, with adults turning bronze to dark brown. They lose their silvery livery when they enter fresh water. Males are marked with red dots on the sides. The young are marked with seven to eleven vertical fingerprints that they will lose when they enter the sea. As spawning approaches, the male's head will change: it will elongate, the lower jaw will develop and bend to form a hook (male "becard").

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Striped Bass

The Striped Bass belongs to the Moronidae family. It can weigh between 4 and 23 kg and size 46 to 140 cm. He can live up to 20 years. It spawns from April to mid-June. It can be fished from May to November. The striped bass has a laterally compressed body, a large terminal mouth, distinct dorsal fins and six to nine continuous lateral bands on both sides of its body. The second anal spine is shorter and thicker than the third anal spine. Striped bass tend to be pale green, olive, steel blue, black or brown on their back, with an iridescent white or silvery belly. Individuals over 25 years of age have been recorded and sexual maturity is reached between 2 and 4 years for men and between 5 and 8 years for women.

Fishing period : May to November

Minimum size : 70 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Humpback Chub

The Humpback Chub belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size recorded was 38 cm. It has a lifespan of 30 years. It spawns from April to June. It is a protected species, so the angling is prohibited. The body is almost entirely without a scale, retaining only 80 mid-lateral scales along the lateral line. The scales are deeply embedded on the surface of the fish, especially on the hump. The fish has a very streamlined body, with a thin caudal peduncle and a deeply forked tail. The fins are large and curved, and the origin of the ridge is approximately equal distance from the snout and base of the caudal fin. The mouth is lower and overhung by the muzzle. The pharyngeal arch is small, with a small lower branch. The back is pale olive grey, the sides silvery and the belly white. The dorsal fin generally has nine rays and the anal fin has 10 or more.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Bloater fish

The Bloater fish belongs to the Salmonidae family. It has a maximum length of 37 cm for an average size of 25 cm. It has a maximum lifespan of 10 years. It spawns all year round with a peak in fall or winter. It can be fished all year round. The bloater is a small silvery white fish with a pink and purple iridescence. It has a greenish hue above and a whitish belly. It is very similar to kiyi, which distinguishes it by its lighter upper lip and smaller eye. Its body is deepest in its middle, its fins are small and pale and it has 40-47 gills.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The White Bass

The White Bass belongs to the Moronidae family. Its maximum length is 46 cm and its maximum weight is 3.2 kg. Its maximum lifespan is 15 years. Spawning takes place from March to May. The best time to catch it is from mid-April to mid-May. As with other true basses, the dorsal fin is clearly double, separated into thorny and soft-raked parts. White Bass is a silvery shade ranging from dark grey or black on the back to white on the belly. Several incomplete lines or stripes extend horizontally on either side of the body. Adults look like a young striped bass, and the two are often confused. However, the striped bass has two distinct pieces of teeth on the back of the tongue, and the white wolf has one piece of tooth. The striped bass has two points on each cap, unlike the white bass which has one, and the second spine of the anal fin measures about half of the third spine of the striped bass, while it is about two thirds the length of the third spine in White Bass.

Fishing period : mid-April to mid-may

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Westlope cutthroat trout

The Westlope cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae Family. The average length of the fish is about 30 cm and rarely exceeds 46 cm. It has an average life span of 2 to 5 years. They breed in the spring. Fishing is prohibited because this fish is endangered. The fish has teeth under the tongue, on the roof of the mouth and on the front of the mouth. The gorge cutting the western slope is common in the waters of lakes and rivers upstream. The skin has small dark freckle-like spots, grouped towards the tail, and is mainly orange in color. They are distinguished from rainbow trout by the red, pink or orange markings under the jaw.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Walleye

The Walleye belongs to the Percidae family. They can reach 107 cm in length and reach 11 kg. The average weight is about 5 kg. Walleye can live 10 to 20 years. They spawn in the spring or early summer. It can be fished from May to March. Walleye are freshwater fish of the Percidae family, a popular and commonly supplied game fish. The body is long and thin, mainly golden and olive colored, with a white belly. The back is crossed with five or more black stripes. They have two dorsal fins - one spiny and one with softened rays. The mouth of the walleye is wide, with sharp teeth, and its low-light vision helps it to find its prey at night.

Fishing period : May to March

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Atlantic salmon

The Atlantic salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. Atlantic salmon can measure up to 1.50 m in length and weigh up to 36 kg. The average longevity of Atlantic salmon is estimated at 10 years. It breeds from October to November. The female lays 1500 to 1800 eggs per kg of weight. It can be fished all year round. Atlantic salmon have an elongated and slender body. The anal fin has eight to eleven rays. The caudal is large, concave in adults and forked in young people. The head is small and flattened on top. The mouth is large (split to the posterior edge of the eye) and has strong teeth on the jaws, tongue and palate. The scales are large and visible. The lateral line is straight. Large black dots on a light background form X on the head, back and dorsal fin. The color varies from blue to blue-grey on the back, it is silvery on the sides. It varies during the spawning season, with adults turning bronze to dark brown. They lose their silvery livery when they enter fresh water. Males are marked with red dots on the sides. The young are marked with seven to eleven vertical fingerprints that they will lose when they enter the sea. As spawning approaches, the male's head will change: it will elongate, the lower jaw will develop and bend to form a hook (male "becard").

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Striped Bass

The Striped Bass belongs to the Moronidae family. It can weigh between 4 and 23 kg and size 46 to 140 cm. He can live up to 20 years. It spawns from April to mid-June. It can be fished from May to November. The striped bass has a laterally compressed body, a large terminal mouth, distinct dorsal fins and six to nine continuous lateral bands on both sides of its body. The second anal spine is shorter and thicker than the third anal spine. Striped bass tend to be pale green, olive, steel blue, black or brown on their back, with an iridescent white or silvery belly. Individuals over 25 years of age have been recorded and sexual maturity is reached between 2 and 4 years for men and between 5 and 8 years for women.

Fishing period : May to November

Minimum size : 70 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Humpback Chub

The Humpback Chub belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size recorded was 38 cm. It has a lifespan of 30 years. It spawns from April to June. It is a protected species, so the angling is prohibited. The body is almost entirely without a scale, retaining only 80 mid-lateral scales along the lateral line. The scales are deeply embedded on the surface of the fish, especially on the hump. The fish has a very streamlined body, with a thin caudal peduncle and a deeply forked tail. The fins are large and curved, and the origin of the ridge is approximately equal distance from the snout and base of the caudal fin. The mouth is lower and overhung by the muzzle. The pharyngeal arch is small, with a small lower branch. The back is pale olive grey, the sides silvery and the belly white. The dorsal fin generally has nine rays and the anal fin has 10 or more.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

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4.2

19h50

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