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Most caught fish species in Cologne Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°4 | The American Eel

The American Eel belongs to the Anguillidae family. The size of the adult female can reach 1 m in length, while that of the male does not exceed 40 cm. Spawning takes place in mid-winter. Females lay 3 to 22 million eggs. He can live to be 50 years old. It can be fished from April to September. The American eel is a species of fish with a snake-like body all in length with fins that extend over its back, around its tail and along its inner surface. It has thick lips and a slightly longer lower jaw than her upper jaw, which gives her the appearance of having an overbite. The color of young eels varies from yellow-green or brown. Adult eels are grey with white or cream bellies.

Fishing period : April to September

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Bull trout

The Bull trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can measure up to 103 cm long and weigh up to 14.5 kg. It can live for a dozen years. It breeds from July to December. It can be fished from June to February. Like other arctic char species, the fins of a bull trout have white leading edges. Its head and mouth are exceptionally large for salmonidae, which gave it its name. Bull trout up to 103 cm long and weighing 14.5 kg have been recorded. Bull trout can be migratory, moving through major river systems, lakes and the ocean, or they can be resident and remain in the same river all their lives. Migratory bull trout is generally much larger than resident bull trout, which rarely exceeds 2 kg. Bull trout differs from brook trout (S. fontinalis) in the absence of distinct spots on the dorsal fin, as well as yellow, orange or salmon spots on the back, as opposed to red spots with blue halos on the trout stream. Bull trout do not have the deep-dug caudal fin of lake trout (S. namaycush, another Arctic char).

Fishing period : June to February

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size of the Rio Grande Silvery Minnow is 8.9 cm. It has a life span of about 25 months. It spawns in the spring. It is an endangered species that cannot be caught. It is a small fish with a small mouth. The brown to olive dorsal region with a wide and dark medio-dorsal stripe; silvery lateral region with dark pigmentation forming a diffuse medio-lateral band; white ventral region.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Chinook Salmon

The Chinook Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. This salmon can reach 1.5 m for more than 60 kg and a lifespan of 9 years. It breeds from September to December. It is caught from July to September. The Chinook is blue-green, has purple on the back and top of the head with silvery sides and white belly. It has black spots on his tail and upper half of his body. Its mouth is often dark purple in color.

Fishing period : From July to September

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. it measures about 71 cm by 5 kg in general. They have a life expectancy of 5 years. They spawn from September to January. They can be captured from July to October. During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silvery sides and a dark blue back. After entering fresh water, they develop bright red flanks, blue-green heads and backs, a dark belly and dark spots on the back. Sexually mature fish develop a pale pink or pink shade along the belly, and males may have a slight arch on the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with a darker back.

Fishing period : From July to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Bronze Bream

The Bronze bream belongs to the Cyprinidae Family. The current catch size varies between 30 and 50 cm, for a weight of 0.5 and 2.5 kg. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 80 cm for a weight of 7 kg. It lives between 20 and 25 years. It reproduces between April and June and lay 100,000 to 300,000 eggs. The Bronze Bream can be fished all year round in 2nd category streams and is not hard to catch with the right bait. In Europe, there are 2 or 3 types of bream, 5 species and 2 subspecies. The Bronze bream has a very high and strong body flattened laterally. The bushy back, especially in older individuals, is characteristic of this fish. Its body is covered with large scales and mucus. The Bronze bream has a fairly small eye compared to the size of the muzzle. The mouth is small, oblique, barbless and protractile. The upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. Teeth are subject to seasonal replacement. The anal fin is very long and has 23-30 soft rays. On the other hand, the dorsal fin is short and inserted behind the pelvic fins. The caudal fin is very indented with the lower lobe longer than the upper lobe.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Westlope cutthroat trout

The Westlope cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae Family. The average length of the fish is about 30 cm and rarely exceeds 46 cm. It has an average life span of 2 to 5 years. They breed in the spring. Fishing is prohibited because this fish is endangered. The fish has teeth under the tongue, on the roof of the mouth and on the front of the mouth. The gorge cutting the western slope is common in the waters of lakes and rivers upstream. The skin has small dark freckle-like spots, grouped towards the tail, and is mainly orange in color. They are distinguished from rainbow trout by the red, pink or orange markings under the jaw.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°4 | The American Eel

The American Eel belongs to the Anguillidae family. The size of the adult female can reach 1 m in length, while that of the male does not exceed 40 cm. Spawning takes place in mid-winter. Females lay 3 to 22 million eggs. He can live to be 50 years old. It can be fished from April to September. The American eel is a species of fish with a snake-like body all in length with fins that extend over its back, around its tail and along its inner surface. It has thick lips and a slightly longer lower jaw than her upper jaw, which gives her the appearance of having an overbite. The color of young eels varies from yellow-green or brown. Adult eels are grey with white or cream bellies.

Fishing period : April to September

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Bull trout

The Bull trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can measure up to 103 cm long and weigh up to 14.5 kg. It can live for a dozen years. It breeds from July to December. It can be fished from June to February. Like other arctic char species, the fins of a bull trout have white leading edges. Its head and mouth are exceptionally large for salmonidae, which gave it its name. Bull trout up to 103 cm long and weighing 14.5 kg have been recorded. Bull trout can be migratory, moving through major river systems, lakes and the ocean, or they can be resident and remain in the same river all their lives. Migratory bull trout is generally much larger than resident bull trout, which rarely exceeds 2 kg. Bull trout differs from brook trout (S. fontinalis) in the absence of distinct spots on the dorsal fin, as well as yellow, orange or salmon spots on the back, as opposed to red spots with blue halos on the trout stream. Bull trout do not have the deep-dug caudal fin of lake trout (S. namaycush, another Arctic char).

Fishing period : June to February

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size of the Rio Grande Silvery Minnow is 8.9 cm. It has a life span of about 25 months. It spawns in the spring. It is an endangered species that cannot be caught. It is a small fish with a small mouth. The brown to olive dorsal region with a wide and dark medio-dorsal stripe; silvery lateral region with dark pigmentation forming a diffuse medio-lateral band; white ventral region.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Chinook Salmon

The Chinook Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. This salmon can reach 1.5 m for more than 60 kg and a lifespan of 9 years. It breeds from September to December. It is caught from July to September. The Chinook is blue-green, has purple on the back and top of the head with silvery sides and white belly. It has black spots on his tail and upper half of his body. Its mouth is often dark purple in color.

Fishing period : From July to September

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. it measures about 71 cm by 5 kg in general. They have a life expectancy of 5 years. They spawn from September to January. They can be captured from July to October. During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silvery sides and a dark blue back. After entering fresh water, they develop bright red flanks, blue-green heads and backs, a dark belly and dark spots on the back. Sexually mature fish develop a pale pink or pink shade along the belly, and males may have a slight arch on the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with a darker back.

Fishing period : From July to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Bronze Bream

The Bronze bream belongs to the Cyprinidae Family. The current catch size varies between 30 and 50 cm, for a weight of 0.5 and 2.5 kg. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 80 cm for a weight of 7 kg. It lives between 20 and 25 years. It reproduces between April and June and lay 100,000 to 300,000 eggs. The Bronze Bream can be fished all year round in 2nd category streams and is not hard to catch with the right bait. In Europe, there are 2 or 3 types of bream, 5 species and 2 subspecies. The Bronze bream has a very high and strong body flattened laterally. The bushy back, especially in older individuals, is characteristic of this fish. Its body is covered with large scales and mucus. The Bronze bream has a fairly small eye compared to the size of the muzzle. The mouth is small, oblique, barbless and protractile. The upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. Teeth are subject to seasonal replacement. The anal fin is very long and has 23-30 soft rays. On the other hand, the dorsal fin is short and inserted behind the pelvic fins. The caudal fin is very indented with the lower lobe longer than the upper lobe.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Westlope cutthroat trout

The Westlope cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae Family. The average length of the fish is about 30 cm and rarely exceeds 46 cm. It has an average life span of 2 to 5 years. They breed in the spring. Fishing is prohibited because this fish is endangered. The fish has teeth under the tongue, on the roof of the mouth and on the front of the mouth. The gorge cutting the western slope is common in the waters of lakes and rivers upstream. The skin has small dark freckle-like spots, grouped towards the tail, and is mainly orange in color. They are distinguished from rainbow trout by the red, pink or orange markings under the jaw.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

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