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Most caught fish species in Watson Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Spotted Seatrout

The Spotted Seatrout belongs to the Scianidae family. Spotted sea trout reach a maximum length of 100 cm and a maximum weight of 7.9 kg. The lifespan of this species is 8 to 10 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The spotted seatrout has an elongated, somewhat compressed body with a slightly elevated back. The head is long with a pointed snout and a large oblique mouth. The dorsal fin is continuous or slightly separated. The fins are flake-free, with the exception of 1 to 10 rows of small scales at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The lateral line extends over the tail, characteristic of all Sciaenidae. The body of the spotted seatrout is silvery with irregular black spots on the upper half, from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin. The dorsal side is dark grey with bluish reflections while the ventral side is silvery to white. The dorsal fin is dark, while the others are yellowish.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | Bitterling Fish

The Bitterling fish is a freshwater fish and belongs to the Cyprinidae family. Its scientific name is Rhodeus Amarus. The current size of the bitterling fish is 5-6 cm. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 11 cm and a weight of 10 g. This species is one of the smallest Cyprinid in Europe. It lives on average from 2 to 3 years. The spawning period is between April and June. It lays 40 to 100 oocytes. This fish is easy to catch due to its small size. The bitterling is a small fish whose body is high and laterally compressed. The lateral line is short or incomplete. The scales on the back have a grey-green coloring. The sides are clear with silvery reflections. During the breeding period the silver coloration changes to a pink to bright red color with a dark blue sideband. Sexual dimorphism occurs between the male and female during reproduction. A 5 to 8 mm laying tube (ovipositor) develops in the female, which allows her to lay her eggs in the gill cavity of freshwater mussels. The male has a higher body than the female and its colors become brighter during the breeding season. The bitterling fish's eyes are quite large. Its mouth is small, oblique and the upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. The anal and dorsal fins have a short base and 8 to 10 branched rays.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Atlantic Sturgeon

The Atlantic Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. Its length can generally reach 3 m; its maximum length is 4.3 m. Its weight is between 150 and 200 kg; it can reach a maximum weight of 368 kg. It can live to 60 years and over. It only reproduces every 2 years. The maximum fertility rate is 3.75 million eggs. It is one of IUCN's protected species and fishing is highly regulated. It can be fished during the cool seasons. It has a snub nose, with four barbells in the front of his belly mouth. It carries five rows of bone plates on the back and sides of the body. The dorsal lobe of its caudal fin is longer than the ventral lobe. The skeleton of this bony fish is largely cartilaginous.

Fishing period : cool season

Minimum size : depends on location

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Largemouth Bass

The Largemouth Bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. It has an average size of 45 cm but may reach 60 cm. The maximum recorded weight was 10,09 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds between February and July. It can be fished all year round. Largemouth bass has a large mouth with a slightly oblique mouth. Its body is thin to robust, slightly flattened laterally and of oval cross-section. The corner of the mouth extends beyond the eye. The back and head are dark green to light green in color with lighter sides and a whitish belly and underside. A large lateral band can be seen from the snout through the eyes to the base of the tail. Towards the tail, there is a series of spots of different sizes. These spots become a solid and uniform band on the caudal peduncle. The eye is golden brown. Vertical fins slightly pigmented, generally clear paired fins; caudal fin in young and adult. Adults in muddy lakes are dark olive brown to black, with marks that are difficult to distinguish. Males in breeding condition tend to be darker in color.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 35 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lahontan cutthroat trout

The Lahontan cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 1 m for 24 kg. It has a lifespan of less than 5 years. It breeds between February and July. The best time to catch it is between March and April. It is a quite large fish with a square tail to hunt prey and avoid predators. The coloring is green to greenish brown on the back, pale yellow with a pink lateral band on the sides and silver to white on the belly. Parr marks fade in mature fish. Spawning trout can be copper, red and orange, especially male. Large rounded spots, almost as black as ink, scatter little over the body, with less below the lateral line. Like other cutthroat trout, they have a distinct red to orange mark on their throats, but can be pale on lakes.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Spotted Seatrout

The Spotted Seatrout belongs to the Scianidae family. Spotted sea trout reach a maximum length of 100 cm and a maximum weight of 7.9 kg. The lifespan of this species is 8 to 10 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The spotted seatrout has an elongated, somewhat compressed body with a slightly elevated back. The head is long with a pointed snout and a large oblique mouth. The dorsal fin is continuous or slightly separated. The fins are flake-free, with the exception of 1 to 10 rows of small scales at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The lateral line extends over the tail, characteristic of all Sciaenidae. The body of the spotted seatrout is silvery with irregular black spots on the upper half, from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin. The dorsal side is dark grey with bluish reflections while the ventral side is silvery to white. The dorsal fin is dark, while the others are yellowish.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | Bitterling Fish

The Bitterling fish is a freshwater fish and belongs to the Cyprinidae family. Its scientific name is Rhodeus Amarus. The current size of the bitterling fish is 5-6 cm. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 11 cm and a weight of 10 g. This species is one of the smallest Cyprinid in Europe. It lives on average from 2 to 3 years. The spawning period is between April and June. It lays 40 to 100 oocytes. This fish is easy to catch due to its small size. The bitterling is a small fish whose body is high and laterally compressed. The lateral line is short or incomplete. The scales on the back have a grey-green coloring. The sides are clear with silvery reflections. During the breeding period the silver coloration changes to a pink to bright red color with a dark blue sideband. Sexual dimorphism occurs between the male and female during reproduction. A 5 to 8 mm laying tube (ovipositor) develops in the female, which allows her to lay her eggs in the gill cavity of freshwater mussels. The male has a higher body than the female and its colors become brighter during the breeding season. The bitterling fish's eyes are quite large. Its mouth is small, oblique and the upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. The anal and dorsal fins have a short base and 8 to 10 branched rays.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Atlantic Sturgeon

The Atlantic Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. Its length can generally reach 3 m; its maximum length is 4.3 m. Its weight is between 150 and 200 kg; it can reach a maximum weight of 368 kg. It can live to 60 years and over. It only reproduces every 2 years. The maximum fertility rate is 3.75 million eggs. It is one of IUCN's protected species and fishing is highly regulated. It can be fished during the cool seasons. It has a snub nose, with four barbells in the front of his belly mouth. It carries five rows of bone plates on the back and sides of the body. The dorsal lobe of its caudal fin is longer than the ventral lobe. The skeleton of this bony fish is largely cartilaginous.

Fishing period : cool season

Minimum size : depends on location

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Largemouth Bass

The Largemouth Bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. It has an average size of 45 cm but may reach 60 cm. The maximum recorded weight was 10,09 kg. It has a lifespan of 6 years. It breeds between February and July. It can be fished all year round. Largemouth bass has a large mouth with a slightly oblique mouth. Its body is thin to robust, slightly flattened laterally and of oval cross-section. The corner of the mouth extends beyond the eye. The back and head are dark green to light green in color with lighter sides and a whitish belly and underside. A large lateral band can be seen from the snout through the eyes to the base of the tail. Towards the tail, there is a series of spots of different sizes. These spots become a solid and uniform band on the caudal peduncle. The eye is golden brown. Vertical fins slightly pigmented, generally clear paired fins; caudal fin in young and adult. Adults in muddy lakes are dark olive brown to black, with marks that are difficult to distinguish. Males in breeding condition tend to be darker in color.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 35 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lahontan cutthroat trout

The Lahontan cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 1 m for 24 kg. It has a lifespan of less than 5 years. It breeds between February and July. The best time to catch it is between March and April. It is a quite large fish with a square tail to hunt prey and avoid predators. The coloring is green to greenish brown on the back, pale yellow with a pink lateral band on the sides and silver to white on the belly. Parr marks fade in mature fish. Spawning trout can be copper, red and orange, especially male. Large rounded spots, almost as black as ink, scatter little over the body, with less below the lateral line. Like other cutthroat trout, they have a distinct red to orange mark on their throats, but can be pale on lakes.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Blueback herring

The Blueback Herring belongs to the Clupeidae Family. They reach a maximum size of about 40 centimeters and are assumed to live up to 8 years. They spawn from mid-March to the end of May. The Blueback herring can be fished all year round. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes along their bellies and are characterized by a deep blue-green back. What distinguish this fish the most from other species is the black to dark color of its peritoneum (the mucous membrane of the abdominal cavity). It is one of the "distinctive" North American shads. They are often confused with alewives because it is difficult to differentiate between blue shad and alewife and, together, these two species are often considered collectively as "river herring". Female have larger eyes, greater body depth and a pearl to peritoneal white lining.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction but the net should not exceed 92 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

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