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Most caught fish species in Westbrook Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Pallid Sturgeon

The Pallid Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. it measures between 70 and 150 cm long and 39 kg in adulthood. The Pallid Sturgeon takes 15 years to reach maturity, and can live for more than a century. it breeds from May to July. Considered as endangered, it cannot be caught. Like the other Acipenseridae, it is considered as a "living fossil". The Pallid Sturgeon has a characteristic appearance that makes it to be qualified as "primitive" or "dinosaur". It has a pale color, especially in adults who fade with time, with a greyish back and sides. Its caudal fin is heterocercal, with an upper lobe more developed than the lower lobe. Like other sturgeons, the Pallid Sturgeon has no calcified scales or bones, unlike more recent fish species. It has a cartilaginous skeleton with five rows of thick patches that extend along its sides, belly, back and most of its head. These plates are covered by the skin and protect the animal. This cartilage also extends to the back of the fish’s body, between the dorsal fin and the tail. The mouth starts well set back from the tip of the head. Because it has no teeth, it uses this stretchy mouth to suck small fish, shellfish and other foods from the bottom of the river. Like all sturgeons, it has four barbells. We think they have a sensory role in detecting food.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Chum Salmon

The Chum Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 100 cm for a maximum weight of 15 kg. It has a lifespan of 3 to 5 years. The breeding period depends on the location. It can be fished all year round. The body of chum salmon is deeper than most salmonidae species. Like other species in the Pacific, the anal fin has 12 to 20 rays, compared to a maximum of 12 in European species. The chum salmon has a silvery blue-green coloring with some indistinct spots in a darker shade and a rather paler belly. When they move in fresh water, their color changes to dark olive green and the belly color intensifies. When adults are about to spawn, they have purple streaks near the caudal peduncle, darker towards the tail. Breeding males generally develop an extended snout or kype, their lower fins turn white and their teeth are larger.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Atlantic Sturgeon

The Atlantic Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. Its length can generally reach 3 m; its maximum length is 4.3 m. Its weight is between 150 and 200 kg; it can reach a maximum weight of 368 kg. It can live to 60 years and over. It only reproduces every 2 years. The maximum fertility rate is 3.75 million eggs. It is one of IUCN's protected species and fishing is highly regulated. It can be fished during the cool seasons. It has a snub nose, with four barbells in the front of his belly mouth. It carries five rows of bone plates on the back and sides of the body. The dorsal lobe of its caudal fin is longer than the ventral lobe. The skeleton of this bony fish is largely cartilaginous.

Fishing period : cool season

Minimum size : depends on location

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lake Herring

The Lake herring belongs to the Salmonidae family. This species sometimes grows up to 40 cm and 2.3 kg, but generally measures between 28 and 38 cm long and 170 to 907 grams. It can live from 6 to 10 years. It breeds from fall to early winter. It is fished in summer. Also called ciscos, they have a slim and elongated body that reaches an average length of 30 cm. Their body color is silvery with a pink or purple iridescence on the sides, with a blue, green or dark brown to lighter. Their underside is white, while their dorsal and caudal fins may be dark in color.

Fishing period : in summer

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Moapa Dace

The Moapa Dace belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It has an average size of 10 to 13 cm. It has a lifespan of 4 years old. It may spawn throughout the year with a maximum activity in spring. It is an endangered species so the fishing is prohibited. It is a small fish with a short head, a terminal mouth and thick, semiconducting lips. The dorsal fin begins above or slightly behind the insertion of the pelvic fins and the caudal fin is forked. The dorsal color is dark, the sides are brownish with slightly golden areas and the ventral color is light. There is a dark spot on the tail and a dark line on each side of the body. The scales are small and deeply inlaid and the skin looks like leather. Some dace species have a small maxillary barbell, but not the species.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Walleye

The Walleye belongs to the Percidae family. They can reach 107 cm in length and reach 11 kg. The average weight is about 5 kg. Walleye can live 10 to 20 years. They spawn in the spring or early summer. It can be fished from May to March. Walleye are freshwater fish of the Percidae family, a popular and commonly supplied game fish. The body is long and thin, mainly golden and olive colored, with a white belly. The back is crossed with five or more black stripes. They have two dorsal fins - one spiny and one with softened rays. The mouth of the walleye is wide, with sharp teeth, and its low-light vision helps it to find its prey at night.

Fishing period : May to March

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Pallid Sturgeon

The Pallid Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. it measures between 70 and 150 cm long and 39 kg in adulthood. The Pallid Sturgeon takes 15 years to reach maturity, and can live for more than a century. it breeds from May to July. Considered as endangered, it cannot be caught. Like the other Acipenseridae, it is considered as a "living fossil". The Pallid Sturgeon has a characteristic appearance that makes it to be qualified as "primitive" or "dinosaur". It has a pale color, especially in adults who fade with time, with a greyish back and sides. Its caudal fin is heterocercal, with an upper lobe more developed than the lower lobe. Like other sturgeons, the Pallid Sturgeon has no calcified scales or bones, unlike more recent fish species. It has a cartilaginous skeleton with five rows of thick patches that extend along its sides, belly, back and most of its head. These plates are covered by the skin and protect the animal. This cartilage also extends to the back of the fish’s body, between the dorsal fin and the tail. The mouth starts well set back from the tip of the head. Because it has no teeth, it uses this stretchy mouth to suck small fish, shellfish and other foods from the bottom of the river. Like all sturgeons, it has four barbells. We think they have a sensory role in detecting food.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Chum Salmon

The Chum Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 100 cm for a maximum weight of 15 kg. It has a lifespan of 3 to 5 years. The breeding period depends on the location. It can be fished all year round. The body of chum salmon is deeper than most salmonidae species. Like other species in the Pacific, the anal fin has 12 to 20 rays, compared to a maximum of 12 in European species. The chum salmon has a silvery blue-green coloring with some indistinct spots in a darker shade and a rather paler belly. When they move in fresh water, their color changes to dark olive green and the belly color intensifies. When adults are about to spawn, they have purple streaks near the caudal peduncle, darker towards the tail. Breeding males generally develop an extended snout or kype, their lower fins turn white and their teeth are larger.

Fishing period : all year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Atlantic Sturgeon

The Atlantic Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. Its length can generally reach 3 m; its maximum length is 4.3 m. Its weight is between 150 and 200 kg; it can reach a maximum weight of 368 kg. It can live to 60 years and over. It only reproduces every 2 years. The maximum fertility rate is 3.75 million eggs. It is one of IUCN's protected species and fishing is highly regulated. It can be fished during the cool seasons. It has a snub nose, with four barbells in the front of his belly mouth. It carries five rows of bone plates on the back and sides of the body. The dorsal lobe of its caudal fin is longer than the ventral lobe. The skeleton of this bony fish is largely cartilaginous.

Fishing period : cool season

Minimum size : depends on location

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Lake Herring

The Lake herring belongs to the Salmonidae family. This species sometimes grows up to 40 cm and 2.3 kg, but generally measures between 28 and 38 cm long and 170 to 907 grams. It can live from 6 to 10 years. It breeds from fall to early winter. It is fished in summer. Also called ciscos, they have a slim and elongated body that reaches an average length of 30 cm. Their body color is silvery with a pink or purple iridescence on the sides, with a blue, green or dark brown to lighter. Their underside is white, while their dorsal and caudal fins may be dark in color.

Fishing period : in summer

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Moapa Dace

The Moapa Dace belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It has an average size of 10 to 13 cm. It has a lifespan of 4 years old. It may spawn throughout the year with a maximum activity in spring. It is an endangered species so the fishing is prohibited. It is a small fish with a short head, a terminal mouth and thick, semiconducting lips. The dorsal fin begins above or slightly behind the insertion of the pelvic fins and the caudal fin is forked. The dorsal color is dark, the sides are brownish with slightly golden areas and the ventral color is light. There is a dark spot on the tail and a dark line on each side of the body. The scales are small and deeply inlaid and the skin looks like leather. Some dace species have a small maxillary barbell, but not the species.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Walleye

The Walleye belongs to the Percidae family. They can reach 107 cm in length and reach 11 kg. The average weight is about 5 kg. Walleye can live 10 to 20 years. They spawn in the spring or early summer. It can be fished from May to March. Walleye are freshwater fish of the Percidae family, a popular and commonly supplied game fish. The body is long and thin, mainly golden and olive colored, with a white belly. The back is crossed with five or more black stripes. They have two dorsal fins - one spiny and one with softened rays. The mouth of the walleye is wide, with sharp teeth, and its low-light vision helps it to find its prey at night.

Fishing period : May to March

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

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