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Most caught fish species in Brownton Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Steelhead Trout

The Steelhead trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. Steelhead trout is a name given to the anadromous form of red-band trout (O. m. Gairdneri) or coastal rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus. M. irideus). Steelhead trout can weigh up to 26 kg and reach a length of 114 cm. He can live 11 years. It breeds from January to April. It is fished from the end of October to the month of November. Steelheads trout generally have a more refined shape and a silver or copper color when they reach adulthood, which is why they are called them.

Fishing period : October and November

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The American Shad

The American Shad belongs to the Clupeidae family. With an average of 38 cm, adult specimens can measure up to 76 cm and weigh between 0.9 and 1.4 kg. It can live up to 13 years old. Egg laying takes place in May, June or July. On average, the female lays 140,000 eggs, but can reach 600,000 eggs. It is fished in the spring. The American shad is characterized by its slender, high and very flattened body. The species has a very forked caudal fin and a low, elongated anal fin. It has no lateral line or adipose fin. Its color is silvery with a blue or blue-green sheen on the back and bright silver flanks. When entering fresh water for reproduction, the pigmentation may become darker, taking on a tan or copper hue, turning red for the head and belly parts. A black spot is visible near the top edge of the lid, sometimes followed by smaller spots. Its lower jaw fits into a notch in its upper jaw. It can also be recognized by its large scales that are easily detached. The ventral surface of the American shad is thin with saw tooth scales. With regard to internal characteristics, it has teeth in the premaxillary and lower jaw, a silver peritoneum and, between 53 and 59 vertebrae.

Fishing period : spring

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Black Crappie

The black Crappie belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Its average length is 18 to 25 cm, up to 38 cm with a weight generally varying between 300 and 900 grams. The largest specimens can reach 1kg. The all-time record comes from Missouri with a 2.26kg black crappie, while Ontario's is 1.7kg. It breeds around the end of March. Its longevity is 7 years. It is fished in April and May. The body of this fish has the typical shape of craps and other members of the centrarchidae family, i.e. oval and flattened with thorny fins. The height of this fish represents about 33% of its length. Its color is mainly dark olive, covered with a mosaic of irregular black spots on its head, back and sometimes on its belly. The flanks are paler, but also spotty, often with silver, green or even blue highlights. The color can vary considerably depending on the environment in which the fish live. Its mouth is large, reaching to a point below the middle of the eye. The black Crappie is particularly recognizable by its large fins, which give the impression that it has sails. It has 7 to 8 spines on the dorsal fin and 6 to 7 spines on the anal fin. This is one of the main distinctions that can be made with some craps that have 10 to 12 spines on the dorsal fin. The differences between the white and black crappie are sometimes subtle. The dark spots on the black crappie are a random texture, they appear as stripes on the white crappie. The latter also has a less dark back, a longer body and, above all

Fishing period : April-May

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Brook Trout

The Brook Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size of the brook trout is 50 cm and the weight only exceptionally exceeds 7 kg. It has a longevity of 5 years. It reproduces in autumn. It is fished from April to September. Its body is fusiform, laterally compressed, and slender. Its general shape is reminiscent of trout, although a little more massive. The body is arched at the dorsal fin. It has a small but stocky head with a widely split mouth, including teeth on the jaws, tongue and palate. On the body, the scales are small and thin. The Brook trout have two dorsal fins, one of which is characteristic of Salmonids. The color is distributed differently over the body: the back is rather dark brown, with lighter mottling and covered with a network of very close yellow spots. The sides have a beautiful light brown color, sometimes olive green. They also have yellow spots, less tightened. Round and red spots can also be seen on the sides. The color of the belly varies from white to pink, but can be pale yellow to dark red. It all depends on the environment in which it operates. Populations living near the bottom are paler than those living in open water, rather colorful. In males, the livery becomes bright orange during the breeding season. Finally, the pectoral, pelvic and anal fins are bordered by a white border, specific to the genus Salvelinus, highlighted here by a black band.

Fishing period : From April to September

Minimum size : 18 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Pacific Lamprey

The Pacific Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. The adult size of the pacific lamprey can reach 80 cm. It can live up to 5 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be caught between July and September when it enters freshwater. The Pacific Lamprey differs from other lamprey species in that it has three large, sharp anterior teeth located on the supraoral bar. Like all lampreys, they have seven breathable pores on each side of their bodies and a large suction disc that acts as a mouth. They are dark blue at the top and silver or white at the bottom. During the breeding season, Pacific lampreys turn reddish brown and the appearance of the sexes begins to differentiate as a pseudo-anal fin develops on the female. Their larvae are difficult to distinguish from those of other lamprey species.

Fishing period : from July to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Lahontan cutthroat trout

The Lahontan cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 1 m for 24 kg. It has a lifespan of less than 5 years. It breeds between February and July. The best time to catch it is between March and April. It is a quite large fish with a square tail to hunt prey and avoid predators. The coloring is green to greenish brown on the back, pale yellow with a pink lateral band on the sides and silver to white on the belly. Parr marks fade in mature fish. Spawning trout can be copper, red and orange, especially male. Large rounded spots, almost as black as ink, scatter little over the body, with less below the lateral line. Like other cutthroat trout, they have a distinct red to orange mark on their throats, but can be pale on lakes.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Northern Pike

The Northern Pike belongs to the Esocidae family. The Northern pike have an average length of 46 to 51 cm. The maximum weight recorded was 28.4 kg. The average weight is about 1.8 kg. It has a lifespan of about 12 years. It reproduces in the springs. It can be fished in early spring. They can be identified by their one dorsal fin and by light spots along their dark bodies. They can also be identified by the scales that cover their entire cheek and upper half of their gills. Their close relative, the muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), has only scales that cover only the upper half of the cheek and gill covers. The sides of E. lucius range from dark green to olive green to brown, with 7 to 9 rows of yellowish bean-shaped spots. The underside is white to cream.

Fishing period : Early spring

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Spotted Seatrout

The Spotted Seatrout belongs to the Scianidae family. Spotted sea trout reach a maximum length of 100 cm and a maximum weight of 7.9 kg. The lifespan of this species is 8 to 10 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The spotted seatrout has an elongated, somewhat compressed body with a slightly elevated back. The head is long with a pointed snout and a large oblique mouth. The dorsal fin is continuous or slightly separated. The fins are flake-free, with the exception of 1 to 10 rows of small scales at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The lateral line extends over the tail, characteristic of all Sciaenidae. The body of the spotted seatrout is silvery with irregular black spots on the upper half, from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin. The dorsal side is dark grey with bluish reflections while the ventral side is silvery to white. The dorsal fin is dark, while the others are yellowish.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Apache trout

The Apache trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The Apache trout is 15 to 61 cm long and weighs 0.2 to 2.7 kg. It rarely exceeds 25 cm but can reach up to 40 cm in its natural headwaters. It breeds from May to June. Fishing for Apache trout is prohibited all year round. Apache trout are yellowish gold in color with a golden belly and have medium sized dark spots, uniformly spaced, which can extend below the lateral line and over the dorsal fins and tail. The top of the head and back are dark olive in color, and it appears to have a black stripe/mask through each of its eyes, thanks to two small black dots on each side of the pupil. There may be a throat mark under the lower jaw, ranging from yellow to gold.

Fishing period :

Minimum size :

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Steelhead Trout

The Steelhead trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. Steelhead trout is a name given to the anadromous form of red-band trout (O. m. Gairdneri) or coastal rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus. M. irideus). Steelhead trout can weigh up to 26 kg and reach a length of 114 cm. He can live 11 years. It breeds from January to April. It is fished from the end of October to the month of November. Steelheads trout generally have a more refined shape and a silver or copper color when they reach adulthood, which is why they are called them.

Fishing period : October and November

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The American Shad

The American Shad belongs to the Clupeidae family. With an average of 38 cm, adult specimens can measure up to 76 cm and weigh between 0.9 and 1.4 kg. It can live up to 13 years old. Egg laying takes place in May, June or July. On average, the female lays 140,000 eggs, but can reach 600,000 eggs. It is fished in the spring. The American shad is characterized by its slender, high and very flattened body. The species has a very forked caudal fin and a low, elongated anal fin. It has no lateral line or adipose fin. Its color is silvery with a blue or blue-green sheen on the back and bright silver flanks. When entering fresh water for reproduction, the pigmentation may become darker, taking on a tan or copper hue, turning red for the head and belly parts. A black spot is visible near the top edge of the lid, sometimes followed by smaller spots. Its lower jaw fits into a notch in its upper jaw. It can also be recognized by its large scales that are easily detached. The ventral surface of the American shad is thin with saw tooth scales. With regard to internal characteristics, it has teeth in the premaxillary and lower jaw, a silver peritoneum and, between 53 and 59 vertebrae.

Fishing period : spring

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Black Crappie

The black Crappie belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Its average length is 18 to 25 cm, up to 38 cm with a weight generally varying between 300 and 900 grams. The largest specimens can reach 1kg. The all-time record comes from Missouri with a 2.26kg black crappie, while Ontario's is 1.7kg. It breeds around the end of March. Its longevity is 7 years. It is fished in April and May. The body of this fish has the typical shape of craps and other members of the centrarchidae family, i.e. oval and flattened with thorny fins. The height of this fish represents about 33% of its length. Its color is mainly dark olive, covered with a mosaic of irregular black spots on its head, back and sometimes on its belly. The flanks are paler, but also spotty, often with silver, green or even blue highlights. The color can vary considerably depending on the environment in which the fish live. Its mouth is large, reaching to a point below the middle of the eye. The black Crappie is particularly recognizable by its large fins, which give the impression that it has sails. It has 7 to 8 spines on the dorsal fin and 6 to 7 spines on the anal fin. This is one of the main distinctions that can be made with some craps that have 10 to 12 spines on the dorsal fin. The differences between the white and black crappie are sometimes subtle. The dark spots on the black crappie are a random texture, they appear as stripes on the white crappie. The latter also has a less dark back, a longer body and, above all

Fishing period : April-May

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Brook Trout

The Brook Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size of the brook trout is 50 cm and the weight only exceptionally exceeds 7 kg. It has a longevity of 5 years. It reproduces in autumn. It is fished from April to September. Its body is fusiform, laterally compressed, and slender. Its general shape is reminiscent of trout, although a little more massive. The body is arched at the dorsal fin. It has a small but stocky head with a widely split mouth, including teeth on the jaws, tongue and palate. On the body, the scales are small and thin. The Brook trout have two dorsal fins, one of which is characteristic of Salmonids. The color is distributed differently over the body: the back is rather dark brown, with lighter mottling and covered with a network of very close yellow spots. The sides have a beautiful light brown color, sometimes olive green. They also have yellow spots, less tightened. Round and red spots can also be seen on the sides. The color of the belly varies from white to pink, but can be pale yellow to dark red. It all depends on the environment in which it operates. Populations living near the bottom are paler than those living in open water, rather colorful. In males, the livery becomes bright orange during the breeding season. Finally, the pectoral, pelvic and anal fins are bordered by a white border, specific to the genus Salvelinus, highlighted here by a black band.

Fishing period : From April to September

Minimum size : 18 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Pacific Lamprey

The Pacific Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. The adult size of the pacific lamprey can reach 80 cm. It can live up to 5 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be caught between July and September when it enters freshwater. The Pacific Lamprey differs from other lamprey species in that it has three large, sharp anterior teeth located on the supraoral bar. Like all lampreys, they have seven breathable pores on each side of their bodies and a large suction disc that acts as a mouth. They are dark blue at the top and silver or white at the bottom. During the breeding season, Pacific lampreys turn reddish brown and the appearance of the sexes begins to differentiate as a pseudo-anal fin develops on the female. Their larvae are difficult to distinguish from those of other lamprey species.

Fishing period : from July to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Lahontan cutthroat trout

The Lahontan cutthroat trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. It can reach 1 m for 24 kg. It has a lifespan of less than 5 years. It breeds between February and July. The best time to catch it is between March and April. It is a quite large fish with a square tail to hunt prey and avoid predators. The coloring is green to greenish brown on the back, pale yellow with a pink lateral band on the sides and silver to white on the belly. Parr marks fade in mature fish. Spawning trout can be copper, red and orange, especially male. Large rounded spots, almost as black as ink, scatter little over the body, with less below the lateral line. Like other cutthroat trout, they have a distinct red to orange mark on their throats, but can be pale on lakes.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Northern Pike

The Northern Pike belongs to the Esocidae family. The Northern pike have an average length of 46 to 51 cm. The maximum weight recorded was 28.4 kg. The average weight is about 1.8 kg. It has a lifespan of about 12 years. It reproduces in the springs. It can be fished in early spring. They can be identified by their one dorsal fin and by light spots along their dark bodies. They can also be identified by the scales that cover their entire cheek and upper half of their gills. Their close relative, the muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), has only scales that cover only the upper half of the cheek and gill covers. The sides of E. lucius range from dark green to olive green to brown, with 7 to 9 rows of yellowish bean-shaped spots. The underside is white to cream.

Fishing period : Early spring

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Spotted Seatrout

The Spotted Seatrout belongs to the Scianidae family. Spotted sea trout reach a maximum length of 100 cm and a maximum weight of 7.9 kg. The lifespan of this species is 8 to 10 years. It breeds from March to September. It can be fished all year round. The spotted seatrout has an elongated, somewhat compressed body with a slightly elevated back. The head is long with a pointed snout and a large oblique mouth. The dorsal fin is continuous or slightly separated. The fins are flake-free, with the exception of 1 to 10 rows of small scales at the base of the dorsal and anal fins. The lateral line extends over the tail, characteristic of all Sciaenidae. The body of the spotted seatrout is silvery with irregular black spots on the upper half, from the dorsal fin to the caudal fin. The dorsal side is dark grey with bluish reflections while the ventral side is silvery to white. The dorsal fin is dark, while the others are yellowish.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Apache trout

The Apache trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The Apache trout is 15 to 61 cm long and weighs 0.2 to 2.7 kg. It rarely exceeds 25 cm but can reach up to 40 cm in its natural headwaters. It breeds from May to June. Fishing for Apache trout is prohibited all year round. Apache trout are yellowish gold in color with a golden belly and have medium sized dark spots, uniformly spaced, which can extend below the lateral line and over the dorsal fins and tail. The top of the head and back are dark olive in color, and it appears to have a black stripe/mask through each of its eyes, thanks to two small black dots on each side of the pupil. There may be a throat mark under the lower jaw, ranging from yellow to gold.

Fishing period :

Minimum size :

Difficulty :

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