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Most caught fish species in Avon Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Chinook Salmon

The Chinook Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. This salmon can reach 1.5 m for more than 60 kg and a lifespan of 9 years. It breeds from September to December. It is caught from July to September. The Chinook is blue-green, has purple on the back and top of the head with silvery sides and white belly. It has black spots on his tail and upper half of his body. Its mouth is often dark purple in color.

Fishing period : From July to September

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Colorado pikeminnow

The Colorado Pikeminnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The average length of the Colorado pikeminnow is 52.5 cm. The longest Colorado pikeminnow reported is 180 cm. The maximum age recorded for Colorado pikeminnow is 12 years. They spawn from late spring to mid-summer. Fishing is extremely restricted and prohibited because the Colorado Pikeminnow is an endangered species. Like the other three species of pikeminnows, its extended body resembles that of pike. The cone-shaped, slightly flattened head is elongated and forms nearly a quarter of the length of the body. Color levels range from bright olive green on the back to a lighter yellowish shade on the sides, through white. Young fish have a dark mark on the caudal fin. The dorsal and anal fins generally have 9 rays. Pharyngeal teeth are long and hooked.

Fishing period : prohibited

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The American Eel

The American Eel belongs to the Anguillidae family. The size of the adult female can reach 1 m in length, while that of the male does not exceed 40 cm. Spawning takes place in mid-winter. Females lay 3 to 22 million eggs. He can live to be 50 years old. It can be fished from April to September. The American eel is a species of fish with a snake-like body all in length with fins that extend over its back, around its tail and along its inner surface. It has thick lips and a slightly longer lower jaw than her upper jaw, which gives her the appearance of having an overbite. The color of young eels varies from yellow-green or brown. Adult eels are grey with white or cream bellies.

Fishing period : April to September

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. it measures about 71 cm by 5 kg in general. They have a life expectancy of 5 years. They spawn from September to January. They can be captured from July to October. During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silvery sides and a dark blue back. After entering fresh water, they develop bright red flanks, blue-green heads and backs, a dark belly and dark spots on the back. Sexually mature fish develop a pale pink or pink shade along the belly, and males may have a slight arch on the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with a darker back.

Fishing period : From July to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Alligator Gar

The Alligator Gar belongs to the Lepisosteidae family. In its adult form, it can measure up to three meters long and weigh up to 140 kilograms. It breeds in spring. It can be fished all year round. Alligator gar are elongated fish with a long, narrow snout. Their scales form a kind of armor, protecting them from other predators, the scales are similar in hardness to our nails, hard as keratin. They are also sharp, never brush a sharp-edged club fish. These fish have the swim bladder modified into a gas bladder, it allows them to breathe at the surface.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Chinook Salmon

The Chinook Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. This salmon can reach 1.5 m for more than 60 kg and a lifespan of 9 years. It breeds from September to December. It is caught from July to September. The Chinook is blue-green, has purple on the back and top of the head with silvery sides and white belly. It has black spots on his tail and upper half of his body. Its mouth is often dark purple in color.

Fishing period : From July to September

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Bluegill

The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer. Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

Fishing period : from spring to summer

Minimum size : 25 cm

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Razorback Sucker

The Razorback Sucker belongs to the Catostomidae family. It is a relatively large catostomidae, reaching more than 91 cm in length and weighing 5 to 6 kg. It has a lifespan of 50 years. It nests from January to June. It cannot be fished because of its status as an endangered species. Razorback suckers are similar to other Catostomidae, with the exception of two main characteristics. The most characteristic features of the razorback sucker are a pronounced edge made of neural and internal bone that extends from the head to the dorsal fins, as well as elongated filaments on the gills. Females have a lower keel. Well-developed filaments are made for zooplankton feeding. It has a long snout, a long rounded head that is ventrally compressed and a ventral mouth with a split lower lip. There is 12 to 15 rays on the dorsal fin and the anal fin has 7 rays. Pelvic and anal fins are longer in males. It has an almost straight lateral line with 68 to 87 scales.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Colorado pikeminnow

The Colorado Pikeminnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The average length of the Colorado pikeminnow is 52.5 cm. The longest Colorado pikeminnow reported is 180 cm. The maximum age recorded for Colorado pikeminnow is 12 years. They spawn from late spring to mid-summer. Fishing is extremely restricted and prohibited because the Colorado Pikeminnow is an endangered species. Like the other three species of pikeminnows, its extended body resembles that of pike. The cone-shaped, slightly flattened head is elongated and forms nearly a quarter of the length of the body. Color levels range from bright olive green on the back to a lighter yellowish shade on the sides, through white. Young fish have a dark mark on the caudal fin. The dorsal and anal fins generally have 9 rays. Pharyngeal teeth are long and hooked.

Fishing period : prohibited

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The American Eel

The American Eel belongs to the Anguillidae family. The size of the adult female can reach 1 m in length, while that of the male does not exceed 40 cm. Spawning takes place in mid-winter. Females lay 3 to 22 million eggs. He can live to be 50 years old. It can be fished from April to September. The American eel is a species of fish with a snake-like body all in length with fins that extend over its back, around its tail and along its inner surface. It has thick lips and a slightly longer lower jaw than her upper jaw, which gives her the appearance of having an overbite. The color of young eels varies from yellow-green or brown. Adult eels are grey with white or cream bellies.

Fishing period : April to September

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. it measures about 71 cm by 5 kg in general. They have a life expectancy of 5 years. They spawn from September to January. They can be captured from July to October. During their ocean phase, coho salmon have silvery sides and a dark blue back. After entering fresh water, they develop bright red flanks, blue-green heads and backs, a dark belly and dark spots on the back. Sexually mature fish develop a pale pink or pink shade along the belly, and males may have a slight arch on the back. Mature adults have a pronounced red skin color with a darker back.

Fishing period : From July to October

Minimum size : 40 cm

Difficulty :

N°7 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Smallmouth bass

The Smallmouth bass belongs to the Centrarchidae family. The individuals observed measure between 20 and 38 cm. They weigh from 250 g to 1 kg. They can live up to 26 years. They reproduce from May to July. The best time to catch them is in autumn. Smallmouth bass is a fish with a strong body, compressed laterally. The head is broad and elongated. It is adorned with dark bars radiating backwards from the eyes. The back and top of the head are brown or golden brown, green or olive green. Contrary to its vernacular name, its mouth is rather large! Smallmouth bass has a long, rounded snout. The upper jaw does not extend beyond the upper edge of the eye. The anal fin has 3 strong spines. Both dorsal fins are slightly rounded and rather soft. They are linked and seem to form only one fin. The spines of the first dorsal fin are short and of almost the same length. The pelvic fins are joined by a membrane. The caudal fin is forked. The pectoral fins are transparent, all the others are opaque, dark or amber and decorated with black on the rays, spines or membranes. The back is darker and less golden than the sides. The flanks are marked with 8 to 15 thin vertical bars of dark appearance; this characteristic is more pronounced in juveniles. The belly of smallmouth bass is cream to milky in color. Body color varies according to size, but also according to its environment: in clear waters, it is dark and enhanced by pronounced contrasting marks, while in turbid waters, it is lighter and

Fishing period : autumn

Minimum size : 45 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Alligator Gar

The Alligator Gar belongs to the Lepisosteidae family. In its adult form, it can measure up to three meters long and weigh up to 140 kilograms. It breeds in spring. It can be fished all year round. Alligator gar are elongated fish with a long, narrow snout. Their scales form a kind of armor, protecting them from other predators, the scales are similar in hardness to our nails, hard as keratin. They are also sharp, never brush a sharp-edged club fish. These fish have the swim bladder modified into a gas bladder, it allows them to breathe at the surface.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

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Where to buy a fishing license/permit in Avon, Stearns?

Buying your fishing license online is quick, easy and directly contributes toward conservation efforts. You can do so by following the link below.

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