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Most caught fish species in Bertha Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Pacific Lamprey

The Pacific Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. The adult size of the pacific lamprey can reach 80 cm. It can live up to 5 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be caught between July and September when it enters freshwater. The Pacific Lamprey differs from other lamprey species in that it has three large, sharp anterior teeth located on the supraoral bar. Like all lampreys, they have seven breathable pores on each side of their bodies and a large suction disc that acts as a mouth. They are dark blue at the top and silver or white at the bottom. During the breeding season, Pacific lampreys turn reddish brown and the appearance of the sexes begins to differentiate as a pseudo-anal fin develops on the female. Their larvae are difficult to distinguish from those of other lamprey species.

Fishing period : from July to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size of the Rio Grande Silvery Minnow is 8.9 cm. It has a life span of about 25 months. It spawns in the spring. It is an endangered species that cannot be caught. It is a small fish with a small mouth. The brown to olive dorsal region with a wide and dark medio-dorsal stripe; silvery lateral region with dark pigmentation forming a diffuse medio-lateral band; white ventral region.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°3 | Bleak Fish

The Bleak fish is a Cyprinidae. In general, its average size is 10 to 15 cm and its weight is 15 to 50 g. However, some individuals can reach up to 60 g for a size of 25 cm. The bleak has a lifespan of 6-7 years. The spawning period is between April and August. It can lay up to 7000 spawns. You can fish bleak from June to September. This fish swims quite fast and offers a little resistance during the catch. The bleak is a fish with an elongated body that is very compressed laterally, allowing it to have a high velocity. The upper jaw is shorter than the lower jaw. The mouth of the bleak is oriented upwards (above), a typical character of fish that seek their food on the surface. The caudal fin is strongly indented and the caudal peduncle is thin. The dorsal fin is inserted behind the pelvic fins and has a shorter base than the dorsal fin. Its name refers to the bright white color of its scales, which gives the bleak a metallic sheen. Its back is darker greenish-blue, its sides are silvery white and its fins are pale grey. During the breeding season, nuptial tubers appear on the backs and sides of males and their fins become orange.

Fishing period : June to September

Minimum size : 10 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Pallid Sturgeon

The Pallid Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. it measures between 70 and 150 cm long and 39 kg in adulthood. The Pallid Sturgeon takes 15 years to reach maturity, and can live for more than a century. it breeds from May to July. Considered as endangered, it cannot be caught. Like the other Acipenseridae, it is considered as a "living fossil". The Pallid Sturgeon has a characteristic appearance that makes it to be qualified as "primitive" or "dinosaur". It has a pale color, especially in adults who fade with time, with a greyish back and sides. Its caudal fin is heterocercal, with an upper lobe more developed than the lower lobe. Like other sturgeons, the Pallid Sturgeon has no calcified scales or bones, unlike more recent fish species. It has a cartilaginous skeleton with five rows of thick patches that extend along its sides, belly, back and most of its head. These plates are covered by the skin and protect the animal. This cartilage also extends to the back of the fish’s body, between the dorsal fin and the tail. The mouth starts well set back from the tip of the head. Because it has no teeth, it uses this stretchy mouth to suck small fish, shellfish and other foods from the bottom of the river. Like all sturgeons, it has four barbells. We think they have a sensory role in detecting food.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Moapa Dace

The Moapa Dace belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It has an average size of 10 to 13 cm. It has a lifespan of 4 years old. It may spawn throughout the year with a maximum activity in spring. It is an endangered species so the fishing is prohibited. It is a small fish with a short head, a terminal mouth and thick, semiconducting lips. The dorsal fin begins above or slightly behind the insertion of the pelvic fins and the caudal fin is forked. The dorsal color is dark, the sides are brownish with slightly golden areas and the ventral color is light. There is a dark spot on the tail and a dark line on each side of the body. The scales are small and deeply inlaid and the skin looks like leather. Some dace species have a small maxillary barbell, but not the species.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Devils Hole Pupfish

The Devils Hole Pupfish belongs to the Cyprinodontidae family. It is the smallest Cyprinodontidae species in the desert, measuring an average of 19 mm. It lives from 6 to 12 years old. It can reproduce all year round. It is one of the rarest fish in the world that happens to be in danger. Fishing is therefore prohibited. Males and females of the Devils hole pupfish have a rounded caudal fin and do not have a pelvic fin. The short, rectangular caudal peduncle is at the same level as the wide mouth. The jaw contains a series of teeth, with 16 teeth on the upper jaw and 16 on the lower jaw. Its scales are ctenoid and there are no pre-orbital scales. Other distinguishing features include a large head and eyes and an elongated anal fin. The Devils hole pupfish has 17 pectoral rays, 12 dorsal rays and 28 caudal rays. The male is taller than the female, is iridescent blue and has vertical bars on its tail. The female is smaller and thinner than the male, yellow-brown in color, has a light spot on the dorsal fin and no bars on the tail.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Bronze Bream

The Bronze bream belongs to the Cyprinidae Family. The current catch size varies between 30 and 50 cm, for a weight of 0.5 and 2.5 kg. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 80 cm for a weight of 7 kg. It lives between 20 and 25 years. It reproduces between April and June and lay 100,000 to 300,000 eggs. The Bronze Bream can be fished all year round in 2nd category streams and is not hard to catch with the right bait. In Europe, there are 2 or 3 types of bream, 5 species and 2 subspecies. The Bronze bream has a very high and strong body flattened laterally. The bushy back, especially in older individuals, is characteristic of this fish. Its body is covered with large scales and mucus. The Bronze bream has a fairly small eye compared to the size of the muzzle. The mouth is small, oblique, barbless and protractile. The upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. Teeth are subject to seasonal replacement. The anal fin is very long and has 23-30 soft rays. On the other hand, the dorsal fin is short and inserted behind the pelvic fins. The caudal fin is very indented with the lower lobe longer than the upper lobe.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Channel Catfish

The Channel Catfish belongs to the Ictaluridae family. adults often weigh between 40 and 60 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 26.3 kg. It has a life span of 15 years. It breeds from May to July. The ideal time to fish them is from March to May, before the breeding season. The body is elongated and flattened. The eyes are small and the mouth is lesser. They have eight sensory barbells, or "whiskers", around their mouths. Four whiskers are on the chin, two on the muzzle and one at both corners of the mouth. The tail is deeply forked with the edge of the rounded anal fin. The adult color is pale grey to olive on the back and white to yellowish on the belly. The young are generally light grey at the back and silvery on the sides. The sides have scattered dark spots.

Fishing period : Mars to May

Minimum size : No restriction

Difficulty :

N°10 | The American Eel

The American Eel belongs to the Anguillidae family. The size of the adult female can reach 1 m in length, while that of the male does not exceed 40 cm. Spawning takes place in mid-winter. Females lay 3 to 22 million eggs. He can live to be 50 years old. It can be fished from April to September. The American eel is a species of fish with a snake-like body all in length with fins that extend over its back, around its tail and along its inner surface. It has thick lips and a slightly longer lower jaw than her upper jaw, which gives her the appearance of having an overbite. The color of young eels varies from yellow-green or brown. Adult eels are grey with white or cream bellies.

Fishing period : April to September

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Pacific Lamprey

The Pacific Lamprey belongs to the Petromyzontidae family. The adult size of the pacific lamprey can reach 80 cm. It can live up to 5 years. The spawning period depends on the location. It can be caught between July and September when it enters freshwater. The Pacific Lamprey differs from other lamprey species in that it has three large, sharp anterior teeth located on the supraoral bar. Like all lampreys, they have seven breathable pores on each side of their bodies and a large suction disc that acts as a mouth. They are dark blue at the top and silver or white at the bottom. During the breeding season, Pacific lampreys turn reddish brown and the appearance of the sexes begins to differentiate as a pseudo-anal fin develops on the female. Their larvae are difficult to distinguish from those of other lamprey species.

Fishing period : from July to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size of the Rio Grande Silvery Minnow is 8.9 cm. It has a life span of about 25 months. It spawns in the spring. It is an endangered species that cannot be caught. It is a small fish with a small mouth. The brown to olive dorsal region with a wide and dark medio-dorsal stripe; silvery lateral region with dark pigmentation forming a diffuse medio-lateral band; white ventral region.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°3 | Bleak Fish

The Bleak fish is a Cyprinidae. In general, its average size is 10 to 15 cm and its weight is 15 to 50 g. However, some individuals can reach up to 60 g for a size of 25 cm. The bleak has a lifespan of 6-7 years. The spawning period is between April and August. It can lay up to 7000 spawns. You can fish bleak from June to September. This fish swims quite fast and offers a little resistance during the catch. The bleak is a fish with an elongated body that is very compressed laterally, allowing it to have a high velocity. The upper jaw is shorter than the lower jaw. The mouth of the bleak is oriented upwards (above), a typical character of fish that seek their food on the surface. The caudal fin is strongly indented and the caudal peduncle is thin. The dorsal fin is inserted behind the pelvic fins and has a shorter base than the dorsal fin. Its name refers to the bright white color of its scales, which gives the bleak a metallic sheen. Its back is darker greenish-blue, its sides are silvery white and its fins are pale grey. During the breeding season, nuptial tubers appear on the backs and sides of males and their fins become orange.

Fishing period : June to September

Minimum size : 10 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Pallid Sturgeon

The Pallid Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. it measures between 70 and 150 cm long and 39 kg in adulthood. The Pallid Sturgeon takes 15 years to reach maturity, and can live for more than a century. it breeds from May to July. Considered as endangered, it cannot be caught. Like the other Acipenseridae, it is considered as a "living fossil". The Pallid Sturgeon has a characteristic appearance that makes it to be qualified as "primitive" or "dinosaur". It has a pale color, especially in adults who fade with time, with a greyish back and sides. Its caudal fin is heterocercal, with an upper lobe more developed than the lower lobe. Like other sturgeons, the Pallid Sturgeon has no calcified scales or bones, unlike more recent fish species. It has a cartilaginous skeleton with five rows of thick patches that extend along its sides, belly, back and most of its head. These plates are covered by the skin and protect the animal. This cartilage also extends to the back of the fish’s body, between the dorsal fin and the tail. The mouth starts well set back from the tip of the head. Because it has no teeth, it uses this stretchy mouth to suck small fish, shellfish and other foods from the bottom of the river. Like all sturgeons, it has four barbells. We think they have a sensory role in detecting food.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Moapa Dace

The Moapa Dace belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It has an average size of 10 to 13 cm. It has a lifespan of 4 years old. It may spawn throughout the year with a maximum activity in spring. It is an endangered species so the fishing is prohibited. It is a small fish with a short head, a terminal mouth and thick, semiconducting lips. The dorsal fin begins above or slightly behind the insertion of the pelvic fins and the caudal fin is forked. The dorsal color is dark, the sides are brownish with slightly golden areas and the ventral color is light. There is a dark spot on the tail and a dark line on each side of the body. The scales are small and deeply inlaid and the skin looks like leather. Some dace species have a small maxillary barbell, but not the species.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°7 | The Devils Hole Pupfish

The Devils Hole Pupfish belongs to the Cyprinodontidae family. It is the smallest Cyprinodontidae species in the desert, measuring an average of 19 mm. It lives from 6 to 12 years old. It can reproduce all year round. It is one of the rarest fish in the world that happens to be in danger. Fishing is therefore prohibited. Males and females of the Devils hole pupfish have a rounded caudal fin and do not have a pelvic fin. The short, rectangular caudal peduncle is at the same level as the wide mouth. The jaw contains a series of teeth, with 16 teeth on the upper jaw and 16 on the lower jaw. Its scales are ctenoid and there are no pre-orbital scales. Other distinguishing features include a large head and eyes and an elongated anal fin. The Devils hole pupfish has 17 pectoral rays, 12 dorsal rays and 28 caudal rays. The male is taller than the female, is iridescent blue and has vertical bars on its tail. The female is smaller and thinner than the male, yellow-brown in color, has a light spot on the dorsal fin and no bars on the tail.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°8 | The Bronze Bream

The Bronze bream belongs to the Cyprinidae Family. The current catch size varies between 30 and 50 cm, for a weight of 0.5 and 2.5 kg. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 80 cm for a weight of 7 kg. It lives between 20 and 25 years. It reproduces between April and June and lay 100,000 to 300,000 eggs. The Bronze Bream can be fished all year round in 2nd category streams and is not hard to catch with the right bait. In Europe, there are 2 or 3 types of bream, 5 species and 2 subspecies. The Bronze bream has a very high and strong body flattened laterally. The bushy back, especially in older individuals, is characteristic of this fish. Its body is covered with large scales and mucus. The Bronze bream has a fairly small eye compared to the size of the muzzle. The mouth is small, oblique, barbless and protractile. The upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. Teeth are subject to seasonal replacement. The anal fin is very long and has 23-30 soft rays. On the other hand, the dorsal fin is short and inserted behind the pelvic fins. The caudal fin is very indented with the lower lobe longer than the upper lobe.

Fishing period : All year

Minimum size : 30 cm

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Channel Catfish

The Channel Catfish belongs to the Ictaluridae family. adults often weigh between 40 and 60 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 26.3 kg. It has a life span of 15 years. It breeds from May to July. The ideal time to fish them is from March to May, before the breeding season. The body is elongated and flattened. The eyes are small and the mouth is lesser. They have eight sensory barbells, or "whiskers", around their mouths. Four whiskers are on the chin, two on the muzzle and one at both corners of the mouth. The tail is deeply forked with the edge of the rounded anal fin. The adult color is pale grey to olive on the back and white to yellowish on the belly. The young are generally light grey at the back and silvery on the sides. The sides have scattered dark spots.

Fishing period : Mars to May

Minimum size : No restriction

Difficulty :

N°10 | The American Eel

The American Eel belongs to the Anguillidae family. The size of the adult female can reach 1 m in length, while that of the male does not exceed 40 cm. Spawning takes place in mid-winter. Females lay 3 to 22 million eggs. He can live to be 50 years old. It can be fished from April to September. The American eel is a species of fish with a snake-like body all in length with fins that extend over its back, around its tail and along its inner surface. It has thick lips and a slightly longer lower jaw than her upper jaw, which gives her the appearance of having an overbite. The color of young eels varies from yellow-green or brown. Adult eels are grey with white or cream bellies.

Fishing period : April to September

Minimum size : 50 cm

Difficulty :

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