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Most caught fish species in Maple Plain Top species caught by Club members

Top species caught by Club members

N°1 | The Apache trout

The Apache trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The Apache trout is 15 to 61 cm long and weighs 0.2 to 2.7 kg. It rarely exceeds 25 cm but can reach up to 40 cm in its natural headwaters. It breeds from May to June. Fishing for Apache trout is prohibited all year round. Apache trout are yellowish gold in color with a golden belly and have medium sized dark spots, uniformly spaced, which can extend below the lateral line and over the dorsal fins and tail. The top of the head and back are dark olive in color, and it appears to have a black stripe/mask through each of its eyes, thanks to two small black dots on each side of the pupil. There may be a throat mark under the lower jaw, ranging from yellow to gold.

Fishing period :

Minimum size :

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Comanche springs pupfish

The Comanche springs pupfish belongs to the Cyprinodontidae family. The common length for Comanche Springs aphid is 3.8 cm, the maximum reported length for this species is 6.2 cm. They can live up to two years. It reproduces in the spring. This species is endangered, so fishing is prohibited. The Comanche springs pupfish is a small fish with a compressed body. Males are larger than females and have a metallic blue color while females are beige.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Moapa Dace

The Moapa Dace belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It has an average size of 10 to 13 cm. It has a lifespan of 4 years old. It may spawn throughout the year with a maximum activity in spring. It is an endangered species so the fishing is prohibited. It is a small fish with a short head, a terminal mouth and thick, semiconducting lips. The dorsal fin begins above or slightly behind the insertion of the pelvic fins and the caudal fin is forked. The dorsal color is dark, the sides are brownish with slightly golden areas and the ventral color is light. There is a dark spot on the tail and a dark line on each side of the body. The scales are small and deeply inlaid and the skin looks like leather. Some dace species have a small maxillary barbell, but not the species.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Atlantic Sturgeon

The Atlantic Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. Its length can generally reach 3 m; its maximum length is 4.3 m. Its weight is between 150 and 200 kg; it can reach a maximum weight of 368 kg. It can live to 60 years and over. It only reproduces every 2 years. The maximum fertility rate is 3.75 million eggs. It is one of IUCN's protected species and fishing is highly regulated. It can be fished during the cool seasons. It has a snub nose, with four barbells in the front of his belly mouth. It carries five rows of bone plates on the back and sides of the body. The dorsal lobe of its caudal fin is longer than the ventral lobe. The skeleton of this bony fish is largely cartilaginous.

Fishing period : cool season

Minimum size : depends on location

Difficulty :

N°7 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | Bitterling Fish

The Bitterling fish is a freshwater fish and belongs to the Cyprinidae family. Its scientific name is Rhodeus Amarus. The current size of the bitterling fish is 5-6 cm. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 11 cm and a weight of 10 g. This species is one of the smallest Cyprinid in Europe. It lives on average from 2 to 3 years. The spawning period is between April and June. It lays 40 to 100 oocytes. This fish is easy to catch due to its small size. The bitterling is a small fish whose body is high and laterally compressed. The lateral line is short or incomplete. The scales on the back have a grey-green coloring. The sides are clear with silvery reflections. During the breeding period the silver coloration changes to a pink to bright red color with a dark blue sideband. Sexual dimorphism occurs between the male and female during reproduction. A 5 to 8 mm laying tube (ovipositor) develops in the female, which allows her to lay her eggs in the gill cavity of freshwater mussels. The male has a higher body than the female and its colors become brighter during the breeding season. The bitterling fish's eyes are quite large. Its mouth is small, oblique and the upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. The anal and dorsal fins have a short base and 8 to 10 branched rays.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size of the Rio Grande Silvery Minnow is 8.9 cm. It has a life span of about 25 months. It spawns in the spring. It is an endangered species that cannot be caught. It is a small fish with a small mouth. The brown to olive dorsal region with a wide and dark medio-dorsal stripe; silvery lateral region with dark pigmentation forming a diffuse medio-lateral band; white ventral region.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Channel Catfish

The Channel Catfish belongs to the Ictaluridae family. adults often weigh between 40 and 60 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 26.3 kg. It has a life span of 15 years. It breeds from May to July. The ideal time to fish them is from March to May, before the breeding season. The body is elongated and flattened. The eyes are small and the mouth is lesser. They have eight sensory barbells, or "whiskers", around their mouths. Four whiskers are on the chin, two on the muzzle and one at both corners of the mouth. The tail is deeply forked with the edge of the rounded anal fin. The adult color is pale grey to olive on the back and white to yellowish on the belly. The young are generally light grey at the back and silvery on the sides. The sides have scattered dark spots.

Fishing period : Mars to May

Minimum size : No restriction

Difficulty :

N°1 | The Apache trout

The Apache trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The Apache trout is 15 to 61 cm long and weighs 0.2 to 2.7 kg. It rarely exceeds 25 cm but can reach up to 40 cm in its natural headwaters. It breeds from May to June. Fishing for Apache trout is prohibited all year round. Apache trout are yellowish gold in color with a golden belly and have medium sized dark spots, uniformly spaced, which can extend below the lateral line and over the dorsal fins and tail. The top of the head and back are dark olive in color, and it appears to have a black stripe/mask through each of its eyes, thanks to two small black dots on each side of the pupil. There may be a throat mark under the lower jaw, ranging from yellow to gold.

Fishing period :

Minimum size :

Difficulty :

N°2 | The Comanche springs pupfish

The Comanche springs pupfish belongs to the Cyprinodontidae family. The common length for Comanche Springs aphid is 3.8 cm, the maximum reported length for this species is 6.2 cm. They can live up to two years. It reproduces in the spring. This species is endangered, so fishing is prohibited. The Comanche springs pupfish is a small fish with a compressed body. Males are larger than females and have a metallic blue color while females are beige.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°3 | The Yellow Perch

The Yellow Perch belongs to the Percidae family. The yellow perch measures on average 10 to 25 cm in length and weighs between 50 and 200 g (up to 36 cm for 500 g). The average lifespan is about 7 years. It breeds from April to May. It can be fished all year round. Its body is elongated and oval. Its head is moderately high and rounded at the tip. Its snout is obtuse and moderately long; it does not extend beyond the lower jaw. The mouth is terminal and slightly oblique. The jaws have small teeth. The operculum is finished with a strong thorn. There are 2 distinctly separated dorsal fins. The first dorsal spine is high and rounded, the spines are strong, the rays vary from 13 to 15. The second dorsal fin is almost as high, with 1 to 2 spines and 12 to 15 rays. The caudal is slightly forked. The color of the yellow perch varies according to its size and habitat. The back and dorsal surface of the head vary from bright green to golden brown to olive. The sides are pale yellow to yellow-green with about 7 vertical black bars of decreasing width. The ventral face of the head and body varies from grey to milk white. The dorsal and caudal fins range from yellow to green; the edge of the first dorsal fin is often black. In males in spawning livery the colors will be more intense: in particular, the pelvic and anal fins which are then bright orange.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 13 cm

Difficulty :

N°4 | The Moapa Dace

The Moapa Dace belongs to the Cyprinidae family. It has an average size of 10 to 13 cm. It has a lifespan of 4 years old. It may spawn throughout the year with a maximum activity in spring. It is an endangered species so the fishing is prohibited. It is a small fish with a short head, a terminal mouth and thick, semiconducting lips. The dorsal fin begins above or slightly behind the insertion of the pelvic fins and the caudal fin is forked. The dorsal color is dark, the sides are brownish with slightly golden areas and the ventral color is light. There is a dark spot on the tail and a dark line on each side of the body. The scales are small and deeply inlaid and the skin looks like leather. Some dace species have a small maxillary barbell, but not the species.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°5 | The Lake trout

The Lake trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. The average size is 68 cm for 3 kg. It has a lifespan of 12 years. It spawns in fall. It can be fished all year round. Lake trout have a deeply forked caudal fin and a slate-grey to greenish grey body with a lighter underside. Cream to yellow spots are usually present on the head, body, dorsal and caudal fins. Lower fins are orange-red with a narrow white edge. Younger fish will have between seven and twelve marks of broken parr along their sides. The species supports nine to twelve gills and, unlike its cousin the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), lake trout do not have a black band on the front edge of their anal and pelvic fins. Breeding males develop a dark lateral band on their sides.

Fishing period : all year round

Minimum size : 38 cm

Difficulty :

N°6 | The Atlantic Sturgeon

The Atlantic Sturgeon belongs to the Acipenseridae family. Its length can generally reach 3 m; its maximum length is 4.3 m. Its weight is between 150 and 200 kg; it can reach a maximum weight of 368 kg. It can live to 60 years and over. It only reproduces every 2 years. The maximum fertility rate is 3.75 million eggs. It is one of IUCN's protected species and fishing is highly regulated. It can be fished during the cool seasons. It has a snub nose, with four barbells in the front of his belly mouth. It carries five rows of bone plates on the back and sides of the body. The dorsal lobe of its caudal fin is longer than the ventral lobe. The skeleton of this bony fish is largely cartilaginous.

Fishing period : cool season

Minimum size : depends on location

Difficulty :

N°7 | Brown Trout

The Brown Trout belongs to the Salmonidae family. According to the location, the adult size varies from 25 cm to 80 cm for 300 to 800 g. It lives for 3 to 6 years. The spawning period starts in October and end in January. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs. The fishing period is open from the second Saturday of March until the third Sunday of September. This fish is not hard to catch but the fishing needs complex skills. Depending on its environment, the brown trout have a very variable color, but the brown trout, as its name shows, is rather brown with scattered black and red spots, depending on the spawners. It has a certain mimicry according to the bottom of its living spaces since the dominant brown will become a green dress if it lives close to the banks where yellow and even sometimes silvery white will mix. It has a "useless" adipose fin between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin. The head is tapered, strong and has a powerful jaw. Its back is a pretty black or night blue.

Fishing period : March to September

Minimum size : no restriction

Difficulty :

N°8 | Bitterling Fish

The Bitterling fish is a freshwater fish and belongs to the Cyprinidae family. Its scientific name is Rhodeus Amarus. The current size of the bitterling fish is 5-6 cm. Some individuals can reach a maximum height of 11 cm and a weight of 10 g. This species is one of the smallest Cyprinid in Europe. It lives on average from 2 to 3 years. The spawning period is between April and June. It lays 40 to 100 oocytes. This fish is easy to catch due to its small size. The bitterling is a small fish whose body is high and laterally compressed. The lateral line is short or incomplete. The scales on the back have a grey-green coloring. The sides are clear with silvery reflections. During the breeding period the silver coloration changes to a pink to bright red color with a dark blue sideband. Sexual dimorphism occurs between the male and female during reproduction. A 5 to 8 mm laying tube (ovipositor) develops in the female, which allows her to lay her eggs in the gill cavity of freshwater mussels. The male has a higher body than the female and its colors become brighter during the breeding season. The bitterling fish's eyes are quite large. Its mouth is small, oblique and the upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw. The anal and dorsal fins have a short base and 8 to 10 branched rays.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°9 | The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow

The Rio Grande Silvery Minnow belongs to the Cyprinidae family. The maximum size of the Rio Grande Silvery Minnow is 8.9 cm. It has a life span of about 25 months. It spawns in the spring. It is an endangered species that cannot be caught. It is a small fish with a small mouth. The brown to olive dorsal region with a wide and dark medio-dorsal stripe; silvery lateral region with dark pigmentation forming a diffuse medio-lateral band; white ventral region.

Fishing period : prohibited all year

Minimum size : not available

Difficulty :

N°10 | The Channel Catfish

The Channel Catfish belongs to the Ictaluridae family. adults often weigh between 40 and 60 cm. The maximum weight recorded is 26.3 kg. It has a life span of 15 years. It breeds from May to July. The ideal time to fish them is from March to May, before the breeding season. The body is elongated and flattened. The eyes are small and the mouth is lesser. They have eight sensory barbells, or "whiskers", around their mouths. Four whiskers are on the chin, two on the muzzle and one at both corners of the mouth. The tail is deeply forked with the edge of the rounded anal fin. The adult color is pale grey to olive on the back and white to yellowish on the belly. The young are generally light grey at the back and silvery on the sides. The sides have scattered dark spots.

Fishing period : Mars to May

Minimum size : No restriction

Difficulty :

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