The Alligator Gar

The Alligator Gar


All year

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The Alligator Gar belongs to the Lepisosteidae family. In its adult form, it can measure up to three meters long and weigh up to 140 kilograms. It breeds in spring. It can be fished all year round.
Alligator gar are elongated fish with a long, narrow snout. Their scales form a kind of armor, protecting them from other predators, the scales are similar in hardness to our nails, hard as keratin. They are also sharp, never brush a sharp-edged club fish. These fish have the swim bladder modified into a gas bladder, it allows them to breathe at the surface.

The Alligator Gar lifestyle

This fish is exclusively carnivorous. Its diet is mainly composed of other fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles.
Spawning begins when the temperature reaches 21°C. The pre-breeding period for alligator gar fish is generally between April and May, and the spawning period from April to June, with a dormant period normally occurring from December to February. However, this cycle is sometimes not followed due to environmental factors such as water location and temperature.
The eggs are large, dark green. They are viscous and stick to aquatic vegetation and substrate shortly after laying. The female will release a bunch of greenish eggs, and will release other clusters in the vicinity. The male then ejects his sperm into the water, making it whitish. Eggs hatch in 3 to 9 days. No predators will touch it, because these eggs are poisoned. A human can die from it, if he ingests it. Only fish - and not all fish yet - can eat it.

The Alligator Gar habitat

The alligator gar lives in the lower Mississippi Valley and along the coasts of the southern Gulf of the United States and Mexico to Veracruz in an area that includes the following American states: Texas, Oklahoma, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Louisiana, Kentucky, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, Florida and Georgia.
Finally, it should be noted that sport fishermen have introduced specimens that have proliferated in lakes and bodies of water in several Southeast Asian countries.

The Alligator Gar angling

Catching an alligator Gar can be a real challenge. There are not much of them and they are protected which limit fishing opportunity.
If you still want to catch Alligator Gar despite the regulation, here are the techniques: you can use archery method or angling method.
When you use the angling method, be generous on the bait. this fish doesn't easily fall for it. Also, this fish is huge so be cautious.
There is no minimal catch size known yet. Make sure to consult the relevant authorities.

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