The Arctic Grayling

The Arctic Grayling
Difficulty

Period

All year

Minimum size

15 cm

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The Arctic Grayling belongs to the Salmonidae Family. The Arctic shade can reach a length of about 24 cm long and weighs about 3 kg. He can live to be 18 years old. It breeds in the spring and lays thousands of eggs. It can be fished all year round.
Coloring may vary depending on the location. The dorsal fin is usually bordered red and dotted with large iridescent red, turquoise, purple or purple spots and marks. Back marks are more evident on the large shadows. The back of the Arctic shadow is generally dark. The sides can be in black, silver, gold, or blue. Gold markings sometimes form a border between the hips and the belly, while pelvic fins can be orange, red or pink. The sides and head can be freckles with black spots. The eye of the iris is often the color of gold.

The Arctic Grayling lifestyle

The different subspecies are omnivorous. Their food is based on Crustaceans, insects and insect larvae, as well as fish eggs. The largest specimens of Arctic grayling become piscivorous and immature fish feed on zooplankton and insect larvae.
They spawn in the spring. Adult fish seek shallow areas of rivers with a fine, sandy substrate and a moderate current. Males are territorial and court females by shining their colored dorsal fins; fins are also used to support receptive females during the vibratory release of milt and eggs. Fish are not guards: eggs are left to mix with the substrate. The embryo will hatch after two to three weeks Juveniles grow rapidly during their first two years of life.

The Arctic Grayling habitat

The Arctic grayling can be found mainly in the cold waters of large rivers and lakes and return to rocky streams to breed.
The Arctic Grayling are common in the Hudson Bay watersheds from Canada to Alaska, and in the Arctic and Pacific watersheds of central Alberta and British Columbia in Canada. Residual indigenous populations of river arctic grayling are found in the upper Missouri River watershed in the Big Hole and Red Rock River basins ("Montana's Arctic Shadow"). Fluvial Arctic grayling has been restored in the upper Ruby River, a tributary of the Beaverhead River. The native range once extended southward into the Great Lakes basin in Michigan. They can be found in the Arctic Ocean basin in Siberia, from the Ob to Yenisei catchment areas, and in European Russia in some tributaries of the Pechora River.

The Arctic grayling angling

Fishermen targeting the Arctic grayling often use dry flies, midges as well as blacks, Cahill or dark brown cape.
Some fishermen often choose small spinners or masks as bait.

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