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The Bluegill

The Bluegill
Difficulty

Period

from spring to summer

Minimum size

25 cm

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The Bluegill belongs to the Centrarchidae family. Adults are between 10 and 15 cm long but can reach 41 cm. Bluegill usually lives 4 to 6 years. Spawning season for bluegill begins in late May and continues until August. They can be caught from spring to summer.
Like other cramps, bluegill have a very deep and flattened body. In other words, they are "large" and "flat". They have a small mouth on a small head. The dorsal fin is continuous, with the thorny anterior part and the soft, round posterior part with a dark touch at the base. The caudal fin is slightly forked but rounded. The body is mainly olive green with a yellowish underside. Their name "bluegill" comes from the shimmering blue and purple region on the cover of the cheeks and gills (operculum). A careful examination reveals six to eight vertical olive bars on the sides.

The bluegill lifestyle

Bluegills are carnivores that eat essentially invertebrates such as snails, shrimps, worms, aquatic insects, zooplankton and small crayfish. They can also eat small fish such as minnows and plant materials such as algae. Young bluefish eat worms and zooplankton, staying out of harm's way while adults eat more outdoors.
Bluegill breeding occurs in late spring and early summer. Males are responsible for building nests, which they protect fiercely. They often establish their nests near those of their Bluegills colleagues. When they are inside their nest, they attract females by emitting guttural sounds. Bluegills males and females massage their bellies, then release eggs and sperm. Once the female specimens lay their eggs, the males closely monitor them. Males and females are easily distinguished during the breeding season. The men's heads and blacks turn bluish and their undersides take on a beautiful and intense orange-red color.

The bluegill habitat

Bluegill prefers to live in slow lakes and rocky streams. They can often be found in deep weed beds. In Hawaii, they live mainly in reservoirs.
Bluegills appears to have originated in the eastern half of the United States, southeastern Canada and northeastern Mexico, excluding the coastal plain north of Virginia.

The bluegill angling

To catch bluegill, use small hooks and bait, such as worms or crickets, because carnations have a small mouth.

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