The Bull Shark

The Bull Shark


September to May

Minimum size

1.65 m

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The Bull shark belongs to the Carcharchinidae Family. Its average size is 2 m. Its maximum height is 3.40 m. It can live to be 20 years old. It breeds from late summer to early fall. It can be fished from September to May.
The bull shark has a stocky and massive body. Its snout is rounded and extremely short. Its eyes are very small. Its upper teeth are broad, triangular and finely crenellated. Its lower teeth are vertical and pointed. Its dental formula is as follows: 13-1 to 2-13 /12-1 to 2-12. Its back is brown to olive to dark grey. Its belly is dirty white. The first dorsal fin is large and broad, it is sickle-shaped, its origin is located in the pectoral armpit. The second dorsal fin is almost three times smaller, its origin is located slightly in front of the anal level. The pectoral muscles are long and also sickle-shaped, they are blackish at the ends. The pelvic bones are triangular in shape. The upper lobe of the caudal is well developed. It does not have an inter dorsal wrinkle.

The Bull shark lifestyle

Its diet is very varied: it includes turtles, marine mammals, birds, bone fish, cartilaginous fish, crustaceans, cephalopods and gastropods. Everything goes through it, living or dead bodies, even rubbish can be on the menu.
It is a viviparous species. The bull shark reaches sexual maturity at the age of six years, when it is about 1.90 m tall. The breeding period extends from spring to summer. Gestation lasts 10 months. The female gives birth to up to thirteen juveniles. The young measure 55 to 80 cm at birth. They are already able to withstand the variations in salinity of fresh and brackish water.

The Bull shark habitat

The bull shark is a coastal and semi-pelagic species. It can be found from the surface to a depth of 30 m, and sometimes to depths of up to 150 m. It is particularly fond of bays, estuaries, lagoons and freshwater rivers. It can withstand significant variations in salinity.
It is widespread in the Atlantic and throughout the Indo-Pacific. It flows up the St. Lucian estuary (in Natal), the Zambezi River, the Mississippi and the Amazon and is also found in Lake Nicaragua.

The Bull shark angling

It can be catch with rod fishing. There is a large variety of baits that can be used to catch bull sharks, with baits that carry a high oil content, ideal. Freshwater eel is the best bait for bull sharks and can be found in freshwater lakes and creeks. Eels are ideal bait because they content oil and have hard skin, which makes them very resistant to pickers. It is effective for both large and small sharks.

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