The Chinook Salmon

The Chinook Salmon


From July to September

Minimum size

45 cm

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The Chinook Salmon belongs to the Salmonidae family. This salmon can reach 1.5 m for more than 60 kg and a lifespan of 9 years. It breeds from September to December. It is caught from July to September.
The Chinook is blue-green, has purple on the back and top of the head with silvery sides and white belly. It has black spots on his tail and upper half of his body. Its mouth is often dark purple in color.

The Chinook salmon lifestyle

Young chinook salmon food is based on insects and small crustaceans, especially amphipods. Adult salmon eat mainly other fish.
This salmon can spend 1 to 8 years in the ocean (3 to 4 years on average) before returning to the sources of its native river to spawn. The Chinooks salmon breed in much deeper waters than other salmon species. Spawning is deposited in a nest on the bottom from September to December. After egg laying, females keep their egg resting 4 to 25 days before dying, while males seek to continue breeding. Hatching occurs - depending on water temperature - 90 to 150 days after laying. Larvae emerge in spring, the season appropriate for their survival and growth. Larvae and parr (young fish) spend 12 to 18 months in fresh water before beginning their migration to the estuaries, where they grow (as smolts) for several months. Some Chinooks salmon return to freshwater one or two years later, earlier than their counterparts, and are called "Jack" (they are half the size of an adult salmon of the same species). Sport fishermen generally release them, while commercial fishermen save them.

The Chinook salmon habitat

Chinook salmon live in the coldest parts of the Pacific Ocean and spawn in rivers and streams in the Pacific Northwest. They can be found in the coasts of Alaska, Oregon, Western Canada, Idaho, Northern California and Washington State. Chinook salmon have been introduced into many other water, including the Great Lakes. Outside the United States, chinook salmon can be found in Russian and Japanese waters.
These salmon use many different habitats throughout their lives. Adults lay their eggs in fast-moving freshwater streams and rivers. Juvenile salmon spend some time in freshwater streams before settling in estuaries with a mixture of freshwater and saltwater. As they reach adulthood, salmon move towards the ocean.

The Chinook Salmon angling

It can be catch with line fishing or trolling.

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