The Dolphinfish

The Dolphinfish


April to June

Minimum size

50 cm with a limit of 10 individuals per person

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The Dolphinfish belongs to the Coryphaenidae family. Its length can reach a maximum of 2 m, but the average length reaches 1 m. Its average weight is 14 kg but it can reach more than 30 kg. It has a maximum lifetime of 4 years. It can reproduce all year round. The best time to catch it is from April to June.
There are two species of dolphins. It is easy to distinguish the two species. They both have the same elongated and spindle-shaped shape. The single dorsal fin extends over the entire length of the body. The anal fin begins approximately in the middle of the body and ends at the same point as the dorsal fin. Pelvic fins are located under the pectoral fins and can be compressed into a shallow groove in the body. The caudal fin is strongly forked. The head is dull and the mouth contains many small teeth, as well as a small oval dental patch on the tongue. Cycloid scales cover the body. Mature males exhibit dimorphic sexual growth and develop a prominent bone crest at the front of the head. The color of the dolphinfish is quite dramatic with golden shades on the sides, irregular spots of metallic blue and green on the back and sides, and whites and yellows on the underside. This fish is very colorful underwater, captures light and reflects a wide range of bright colors.

The Dolphinfish Lifestyle

Carnivores, they feed on flying fish, crabs, squid, mackerel and other forage fish. We also know that they eat zooplankton.
The dolphinfish spawning period is long and multiple spawnings per year are common in both males and females. Dolphin fish spawn two by two, rather than collectively, with spawning occurring year-round in the tropics. Young dolphins have been found all year round in the Florida Current, which supports this hypothesis. At the northern and southern ends of the range, they apparently spawn only during the warmer months. Larvae are found in tropical waters around the world. Young dolphins occur all year round in the Florida Current, but abundance is highest in summer. Larvae hatch over a total length of about 4 mm and reach a length of 5.7 mm in four days. At 15 days, the larvae are about 15 mm long. The adult's vague characteristics are visible at this size, and the eyes and mouth are fully developed. Juvenile dolphins are marked by a pattern alternating dark bars and light bars 10 to 20 mm long. As juveniles grow, these bars become darker and are non-existent in many individuals.

The Dolphinfish Habitat

Usually a pelagic fish, the dolphinfish is found offshore under floating objects. It is sometimes known to follow large ships and hide under large floating sargasso mats. Dolphins are also found near the coast, with a depth ranging from 0 to 85 m. The little dolphins travel together in schools ranging from a few fish to more than 50 people. The largest adult fish travel alone or in pairs.
It is found in the Indian, Atlantic, and Pacific oceans. It is common in the Gulf of Mexico, the Florida Current and throughout the Caribbean. In the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, the dolphinfish is found between the Bay of Biscay (France) and the mouth of the Congo and as far south as the southern tip of Africa.

The Dolphinfish Angling

It is caught by troll-fishing or fly fishing.

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