The Great Barracuda

The Great Barracuda


All year

Minimum size

91 cm

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The Great Barracuda belongs to the Sphyraenidae family. Adult specimens are generally between 60 and 100 cm long and weigh between 2.5 and 9.0 kg. It has a life span of 14 years. They are thought to spawn in the spring. It can be fished all year round.
The large barracuda has a slim, streamlined body that is round in the middle. The top of the head between the eyes is almost flat and the mouth is large. It contains many large pointed teeth and a protruding lower jaw. The ends of the pectoral fins extend to the origin of the pelvic fins. The spiny and soft dorsal fins are largely separated and the double emarginated caudal fin has pale tips on each lobe. The body color of the great barracuda is brownish grey or bluish on the back and top, with a dominant greenish-green color ranging from grey to silver on the sides and a white belly. The upper surface can have between 18 and 23 dark bars, most often observed when the fish is resting or on a mixed substrate. The black spots on the lower sides of the great barracuda distinguish it from other barracuda species. The second dorsal fin, anal fin and caudal fin are purple to black with whitish tips.

The Great Barracuda lifestyle

Great barracudas eat a varied range of prey, including fish such as grunts, jacks, groupers, small tunas, snappers, predators, mules, herring and anchovies.
During spawning, eggs are released and fertilized in open water and dispersed by currents. Newly hatched larvae are not very similar to adults. In search of safety from predators and food sources, larvae settle in shallow, vegetated areas of estuaries. Juveniles become miniature versions of adults about 1.3 cm long. About 03 cm long, the juveniles move towards the open waters of the estuary, finally leaving the estuary about 5 cm long. These juvenile barracuda spend the rest of their first year of life in mangroves and meadows. In the second year of their lives, they move to deep reef areas where they will spend their adult lives.

The Great Barracuda habitat

Great barracudas are generally found in coral reefs, seagrass beds and mangroves. They can also reside on the high seas, mainly at or near the surface, although they are sometimes found at depths of up to 100 m.
It is present worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas near the coast. The great barracuda is found in the western Atlantic Ocean, from Massachusetts to the United States. It is also present in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, as well as in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-Pacific and Red Sea.

The Great Barracuda angling

They can be fished with a variety of gears, including hand lines, rods and reels, seines, tremel nets and gillnets.

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